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Overview of Major Risks of Buying Nyancoins - Version 6

This is the sixth version of the NYAN risks document (based on v5 (v4 (v3 , v2 and original)). These are obsoleted periodically as the old ones get archived to allow for comments again via a new post, to re-examine the risks in light of changes, and for greater visibility.
The purpose of these documents is to provide a best-effort discussion of major risk factors in gambling on NYAN, modeled on the risks disclosure in a 10k (annual report) which is mandated for publicly traded companies in the United States. This document is provided with no guarantee that major risk factors have not been missed, and it is important to recognize my (coinaday) personal bias from holding about one-third of the total supply of NYAN.
Please comment on any risks which are not mentioned here or additional aspects of risks here you think should be further emphasized or any other possible disclosure you think would be helpful to a person considering gambling on NYAN.
Executive summary
Nyancoins have no exchange, no core developer at the moment, uncertain demand, have had inconsistent blocks, are very vulnerable to 51% attacks, have the potential for serious bugs, an uncertain legal situation, concentrated ownership, low liquidity, depend upon the Internet, may be addictive, and could make you wealthy, which has been alleged to lead to more problems.
Introduction: This is my best attempt to collect every major risk factor from buying Nyancoins, although I can offer no warranty of fitness for this information for any purposes. I believe in honesty and forthrightness. Having this available and obvious is a simple matter of basic decency. Much, hopefully all, of this information has been discussed previously in /nyancoins, but this document in particular is about being up-to-date and central. This page will be updated clearly as appropriate if situations change on a best-effort basis (which may mean updates do not happen for months at times, unfortunately; please ping for faster updates).
If you believe that I am missing something, please note any other major risks you see in the comments.
Exchanges:
Nyancoins are not currently traded on any exchange. It may be listed on one minor exchange but have no volume there. Obviously an unlisted cryptocurrency is in a bad situation. I hope to see us gain a listing on an exchange which supports low volume coins in 2020 but I have no current prospect of this and it should be considered a longshot at best.
Previously we traded on Trade Satoshi and prior to that on Cryptopia and prior to that on Cryptsy. All three exchanges failed us (Trade Satoshi delisted without allowing withdrawal; Cryptopia delisted and failed to provide withdrawal and then went bankrupt; Cryptsy went bankrupt). This is a further reminder that exchanges are a major risk and one should be extremely careful to not keep more coins on there than one can comfortably afford to lose.
In theory, there are decentralized exchange technologies, notably CATE; however, I think we currently lack some needed APIs for this. I'm not certain but we haven't demonstrated the capability yet. On-Reddit exchanges are also possible with tipbots, but require trust as they are not atomic. It should be possible to build an "exchangebot" similarly, although I'm not currently aware of one, but my concept would still have the bot as a trusted central party.
Atomic cross-chain transactions seem to me like a very promising core technology ultimately for building exchanges which can be more proveably secure. They could also allow exchanges to share a common listing protocol as well without having to trust the other exchanges (at least, beyond the core protocol development and maintenance; tanstaafl). This is not yet accomplished though and in the meantime we remain vulnerable to periodic exchange failures.
Core developer: Although we have good general tech support in this community and have put up supporting infrastructure, there is not anyone officially currently working on core client code. This is a significant problem for the long-term, although we are not in any immediate known need of changes.
ImASharkRawwwr has returned to the community and may do future client updates, but I'm leaving the lack of core developer risk unchanged until there is an update released. This is not intended as a slight in any way but merely being cautious in the risks document and recognizing that we aren't certain when or if there will be a next release.
Demand: NYAN was introduced in 2014 and during the second half of that year had so little demand that it almost died out. In January 2015 I got involved in the coin and for most of 2015 and 2016 I was the majority of the buying pressure. I base these statements on my recollection of the trading history so far and the fact that I have acquired more than 120 million coins, somewhere around 41% of the coins (latest hodling report, June 2017), as well as my observations that I had usually had the leading major bid, and usually the leading bid regardless of size.
In 2017, I have generally not been a major factor in the demand, as I haven’t had money to spare to gamble on NYAN. In June 2017, we have had a spike in buying from an unknown source.
It is unknown whether significant demand for NYAN will continue. Because its value is purely speculative, it is entirely possible that demand for NYAN could simply end. This is a fundamental risk in gambling on NYAN; it is entirely possible that its value will go to zero and not recover.
By the end of 2019, we lost exchange listing. I know of no current demand for NYAN. I hope to see us listed and demand exist in the future but should not be relied upon. NYAN last traded around 9 satoshi according to coinmarketcap but it may well not even trade that high even if relisted someday - there could be a flood of selling and no buyers.
Inconsistent blocks:
Although NYAN is designed to produce a block every minute, there have been times where there has been more than 24 hours between blocks. This results because of an imperfect difficulty function and low base hashing, along with price fluctuations, which can combine to have a low difficulty making the coin attractive for a flood of hashing power which can lead the difficulty function to overcompensate, leaving it stuck with a high difficulty no longer profitable to mine.
I haven’t observed this lately, that is, I don’t recall incidents of this in 2017, but I’ve been paying far less attention to it as well. It is entirely possible for this to recur, as the difficulty function is not fixed (it would require a hard fork to fix it). We seem to have more baseline hashing which helps to avoid this, but it is possible for us to lose that.
A workaround is to use large transaction fees (I've set my client to 337 NYAN) which is enough to cause pools to generally solve a block even if the chain were otherwise stuck. It may be possible to include a better difficulty function in a hard fork client, but it is unknown when if ever this would be done and it's not yet clear what design improvement if any would fix this.
51% attack: Because of the generally quite low hashing power on NYAN, it is highly vulnerable to a 51% attack. Either a leading pool or a new one could choose to do a denial-of-service attack, whether for extortion, lulz, or some other reason (like coinaday being annoying). Such an attack is capable of preventing any transaction processing for as long as it is sustained. I consider this a relatively low risk since I expect we would simply wait it out (and potentially not even notice such an attack for quite a while given the low volume of transactions currently), but it is definitely a potential vulnerability.
Bugs: It is possible that there are bugs in the underlying code. I have never read through all of the bitcoin or nyancoin code, of any version, nor even studied the original bitcoin whitepaper in depth (by the way, we oughta make up a nyancoin whitepaper or ten someday), meaning I have no professional or technical knowledge about whether or not the system is fundamentally sound. I've been going based on "it seems to be working, so it's probably fine", which is, shall we say, more of an engineering than scientific approach.
I have heard reference to a "time warp" bug vulnerability in the KGW difficulty function which Nyancoins has. I do not know details and my understanding is a fix to this would require a fork to change the difficulty function, so I do not anticipate a fix before NYAN3, the term for an eventual hard fork, but it is unknown when if ever this would be done. I consider this vulnerability to be likely to be related to the fundamental weakness to difficulty spikes after large amounts of hashing jumps on the network. Hostile (or simply passing interest with large capacity) hashing does degrade the performance of the network. As a workaround, this class of attack can be mitigated with a transaction to 'unstick' the chain after, since the difficulty function will adjust in the next block after enough wall-time has passed since the last block (so only need one high difficulty solve which can be triggered by a transaction fee).
Legal: Bitcoin faces uncertain legal situations in almost every country. Nyancoin is even more uncertain, as people tend to consider bitcoin and not address impacts on altcoins. Between the potential tax implications and banking regulations and currency laws, there are a wide variety of ways a person could make a felony-level mistake. This can be somewhat mitigated by merely buying and holding, as you won't be responsible for KYC/AML presumably (although an argument could be made in your purchase), and presumably unrealized capital gains wouldn't be taxable (but I am neither a lawyer nor accountant nor any sort of expert on the relevant accounting laws in any country).
Somehow getting legal opinions for Nyancoins in every country would be very useful in my opinion. If Bitcoin and altcoins are well-studied in a given country it should be relatively easy to adapt those opinions and research to Nyancoins, but it would still require some pro bono work in any case. So...hopefully we'll get some lawyer Nekonauts someday who are willing to semi-officially give us an opinion. In the meantime...hope that common sense can save you. If you sell Nyancoins directly, you're going to need to comply with the KYC/AML types of laws of your country. If you're going to do banking operations...may the central bank have mercy on your soul.
I think the best advantage we have is the same bitcoin had for its first years: we're too small for anyone to care. But since we plan to grow significantly, we need to be aware of our legal issues upon scale. Which is to say, whether or not you're allowed to sell 10,000 NYAN to your friend probably has a lot to do with whether your friend legally acquired whatever is being offered in exchange, and whether the value of what you get in return is above a certain level or not. I'm not going to try guessing that level precisely because I know I'll be wrong. $1 is probably fine. $10,000 is probably illegal without some significant licensing. I would suggest either not touching fiat or else deliberately capping it without verification after getting an independent local expert legal opinion.
concentration: The fact that I hold about 41%(? not sure the exact percentage as of Dec 2017 ; need to do updated survey to check; 41% sounds slightly high to me but I'll see...I'll try to update by the end of the year or shortly after) of the currently outstanding NYAN could be a major risk factor, particularly if I do not act in the best long-term interests of the strength of Nyancoins. For instance, I could pull my bids, sell only a small part of my holdings, crash the market, and potentially buy a lot of volume for a lower price. While I cannot foresee any circumstance under which I would do this, it is certainly conceivable that I could be financially, legally, or morally obligated to do so if I were to become insolvent.
Liquidity: There is very little trading activity in NYAN. Therefore, large purchases will drive the price up and large sales will drive the price down. This means that entering and exiting a position is likely to result in "slippage", so even if the price has increased slightly overall since the time before one entered a position to the time before one exits it, it is quite possible that the overall trade will be neutral or negative as a result of the pressure on the market. For an extreme example, my own position would be essentially impossible to exit from the market without crashing the price, and even so it would likely be difficult to find buyers even at a satoshi, based on that I currently am the majority of the bids on the market. This is closely tied to the concentration risk but if I were to exit NYAN for any reason or simply fail to continue to renew bids the liquidity would dry up even further.
At the end of 2019, having no exchange, there is functionally zero liquidity. In theory peer to peer trading could still be done but I’m unaware of any.
Internet outage: if the Internet goes down, we hit a very nasty scenario. We can't process transactions, and all the miners go into a race to make 'useless' blocks on their own. If the Internet were never to come back up, Nyancoins would be dead. If there is a daylong internet outage, the longest blockchain discovered after, presumably representing the most hashing power dedicated to empty blocks during that outage, will win. So I suppose the block rewards in that case are for having the faith in Nyancoins to keep hashing and storing the blockchain during the day without the Internet.
addictive: This was a curiosity to me when I started. Now it's an obsession for me. I'm constantly thinking about how I can help to smooth the path for Nyancoins to grow stronger and better and more valuable. You may find that once you start to realize the impact you can have upon Nyancoins, and that Nyancoins can have upon you, that you start to become addicted as well. It is possible to substitute another addiction in its place, such as dogecoins or pcp, but it is not recommended.
Nyancoin addictions are considered 'mostly harmless'. The exception is if you go 'full coinaday' and start to accumulate more than 10% of your assets in Nyancoins. In this, this is essentially a variety of gambling addiction. I would argue that it beats roulette because you can tilt the odds in your favor, but then, I would argue that, wouldn't I?
mo' nyan mo' problems: Some people have claimed that more money leads to more problems. Since nyan is money, it follows as a consequence of the conjecture. Should this be the case, your increasing nyan could potentially lead to such problems in the future as: enhanced attention from revenue collection services of all kinds (governmental and private), swarms of fake friends and gold-diggers, excessive risk-taking as a result of feelings of invincibility, an increase in certain varieties of targeted marketing, possible disqualification for asset-based welfare for you (or even your children, for instance college financial assistance), an inability to remember how many houses you own, or other serious problems.
Conclusion
The lack of any exchange trading Nyancoins is a major risk factor in its future survival. If it is listed, the lack of development is likely the next most serious. The coin currently survives but whether it will continue to do so in the future is far from certain. If those of us who have found or come back to NYAN choose to keep it alive, I believe it still has a chance at surviving into a stronger future.
This self-certified infallible message has been brought to you as a Public Service Announcement of the NYAN Public Relations Council, a transparent front organization of notoriously lovable philanthropist and major NYAN hodler coinaday.
submitted by coinaday to nyancoins [link] [comments]

Dogecoin is still the strongest altcoin behind Bitcoin, and here is why.

I have just witnessed a very special week on /Dogecoin. A few things seem to have happened in the past 7 days.
-Positivity coming back into the subreddit.
-Higher level of activity in the subreddit, more posts, more comments.
-People starting to act, rather than just talk. What can we do to make Dogecoin better?
-Prices stabilizing at a level that allows people to buy back in at a sensible and realistic price, outside of the influence of a pump and dump.
-An end in sight to the drama. In the past week, drama started to disappear.
In all honesty, there was one blip yesterday with regards to drama, but then I saw something beautiful happen, that I have not seen for weeks in the Dogecoin community. The tide turned. Yesterdays drama post went from 300 uprockets early in the day, all the way down to just 100 by the evening. People were finally done with it, and we could begin to move on. People finally decided it was no longer relevant, and we no longer wanted it on our front page. People voted with their voting buttons, and started to vote that toxic content downward and away. Subsequent follow up posts to said drama also struggled to make it onto the front page and faced a barrage of downvotes. People remembered that Reddit is a democracy, and when content is no longer wanted, it can be voted on as such.
Let me also address the FUD. A lot of the FUD being posted by trolls seems to suggest that Dogecoin has nothing going for it apart from community. That we have no innovation, or commerce, or starts ups. This is simply not true. We have more start ups, more acceptance, more popularity, and are more well known that practically every other altcoin. We have a larger community, that every other altcoin, and whenever I see a new place is accepting altcoins, it almost always shows "We accept Bitcoin and Dogecoin", or "We accept Bitcoin, Litecoin and Dogecoin". We are still a top 3 crypto, even if our price doesn't reflect that right now.
Our price has decreased yes. But we are still so very strong. We were hit very hard by a pump and dump, and yes, we did all buy into the hype. But now our price actually better reflects where we are right now. Before the pump started we were at 25sat, and now we seem to be stabilizing at 35sat. This means we survived a pump and dump, and came out 10sat higher in price. I think considering the amount of new coins produced since January, a 10sat increase in price is stable, and most accurately reflects the work the community has done right now.
I always felt bad after I bought in at 25sat, that so many people shortly afterwards got ripped off, and bought at an inflated price. And they must feel quite stung right now. But now is a great time to buy back in. Finally, people can buy back in at a sensible price, a price which is not the result of a pump and dump, but most likely, is the current value of our coin. By buying in, you are making a confidence vote that Dogecoin does have a future.
There are a lot of indicators to suggest the price is now very strong at 35sat. We have large buy walls consistently reposted on Cryptsy, which means big investors seem to be looking at our coin again. Everytime the price falls by a single satoshi, people rush to get their buy orders in as quick as possible, suggesting that we have reached the bottom, our true base price.
The buy walls are interesting, because in BTC, they appear to be the same sized walls we had at 100sat, which fell. But it is wrong to look at the size of the buywalls in BTC. At this price, the same amount of BTC is buying 3 times as much Dogecoin as it did at 100sat. And the walls are holding much firmer. People are not as willing to sell at this price, and people are scrambling to buy. And when someone does sell, new buyers scramble to get the 1sat discounted prices.
Also we cannot ignore BTC38, our main Chinese exchange. The buy demand, and size of the buy walls there has been insane this past week.
Now we have reached our base price, I think something magical might happen. And that is a halving in a few days time. I hear the FUD posters cry "Halvings never made the price go up before". But this time is different. This time our price is not already overinflated, but just right. Our price didn't go up before, because it was already too high. A halving will cut new supply in half, as the name suggests, and the current supply seems to only just be meeting a recently increased level of buyer demand. It might take a few days, but what we might see, is actual natural, stable increased price, which is not the result of a pump. A pump may follow this good news, as it always does in Crypto, but the underlying dynamics are solid.
And there are a lot of people interested in Dogecoin. Sure, activity has dropped off in this subreddit, but most of the subscribers are hanging in the background. There are lots of quiet holders who don't check the sub anymore, but still subscribe. They see our most popular posts on our front page. And some sold out completely, but are waiting on the sidelines with BTC ready to see what we do next. You only have to look at the vote counts of the most popular posts in /dogecoin to see that most people are still around. They are just participating less during this lull, and only really see our most popular daily threads.
I am very much looking forward to the next few months, as I think Dogecoin is really reaching an age of maturity. The level of interest in Dogecoin is still insane compared to every other coin, apart from of course Bitcoin. We have survived a pump and dump, survived drama, and proven we are still here, and we are still a powerful force in Crypto.
submitted by Sku to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Overview of Major Risks of Buying Nyancoins - Version 5

This is the fifth version of the NYAN risks document (based on v4 (v3 , v2 and original). These are obsoleted periodically as the old ones get archived to allow for comments again via a new post, to re-examine the risks in light of changes, and for greater visibility.
The purpose of these documents is to provide a best-effort discussion of major risk factors in gambling on NYAN, modeled on the risks disclosure in a 10k (annual report) which is mandated for publicly traded companies in the United States. This document is provided with no guarantee that major risk factors have not been missed, and it is important to recognize my (coinaday) personal bias from holding about one-third of the total supply of NYAN.
Please comment on any risks which are not mentioned here or additional aspects of risks here you think should be further emphasized or any other possible disclosure you think would be helpful to a person considering gambling on NYAN.
Executive summary
Nyancoins have no core developer at the moment, uncertain demand, are traded actively on only one exchange, have had inconsistent blocks, are very vulnerable to 51% attacks, have the potential for serious bugs, an uncertain legal situation, concentrated ownership, low liquidity, depend upon the Internet, may be addictive, and could make you wealthy, which has been alleged to lead to more problems.
Introduction: This is my best attempt to collect every major risk factor from buying Nyancoins, although I can offer no warranty of fitness for this information for any purposes. I believe in honesty and forthrightness. Having this available and obvious is a simple matter of basic decency. Much, hopefully all, of this information has been discussed previously in /nyancoins, but this document in particular is about being up-to-date and central. This page will be updated clearly as appropriate if situations change on a best-effort basis (which may mean updates do not happen for months at times, unfortunately; please ping for faster updates).
If you believe that I am missing something, please note any other major risks you see in the comments.
Core developer: Although we have good general tech support in this community and have put up supporting infrastructure, there is not anyone officially currently working on core client code. This is a significant problem for the long-term, although we are not in any immediate known need of changes.
ImASharkRawwwr has returned to the community and may do future client updates, but I'm leaving the lack of core developer risk unchanged until there is an update released. This is not intended as a slight in any way but merely being cautious in the risks document and recognizing that we aren't certain when or if there will be a next release.
Demand: NYAN was introduced in 2014 and during the second half of that year had so little demand that it almost died out. In January 2015 I got involved in the coin and for most of 2015 and 2016 I was the majority of the buying pressure. I base these statements on my recollection of the trading history so far and the fact that I have acquired more than 120 million coins, somewhere around 41% of the coins (latest hodling report, June 2017), as well as my observations that I had usually had the leading major bid, and usually the leading bid regardless of size.
In 2017, I have generally not been a major factor in the demand, as I haven’t had money to spare to gamble on NYAN. In June 2017, we have had a spike in buying from an unknown source.
It is unknown whether significant demand for NYAN will continue. Because its value is purely speculative, it is entirely possible that demand for NYAN could simply end. This is a fundamental risk in gambling on NYAN; it is entirely possible that its value will go to zero and not recover.
Exchanges:
Trade Satoshi is currently the only exchange for Nyancoins with significant volume. If Trade Satoshi were to fail somehow, it is likely that this would have significant consequences for Nyancoins.
Previously we traded on Cryptopia and prior to that on Cryptsy. Both exchanges failed. This is a further reminder that exchanges are a major risk and one should be extremely careful to not keep more coins on there than one can comfortably afford to lose.
In theory, there are decentralized exchange technologies, notably CATE; however, I think we currently lack some needed APIs for this. I'm not certain but we haven't demonstrated the capability yet. On-Reddit exchanges are also possible with tipbots, but require trust as they are not atomic. It should be possible to build an "exchangebot" similarly, although I'm not currently aware of one, but my concept would still have the bot as a trusted central party.
Atomic cross-chain transactions seem to me like a very promising core technology ultimately for building exchanges which can be more proveably secure. They could also allow exchanges to share a common listing protocol as well without having to trust the other exchanges (at least, beyond the core protocol development and maintenance; tanstaafl). This is not yet accomplished though and in the meantime we remain vulnerable to periodic exchange failures.
Inconsistent blocks:
Although NYAN is designed to produce a block every minute, there have been times where there has been more than 24 hours between blocks. This results because of an imperfect difficulty function and low base hashing, along with price fluctuations, which can combine to have a low difficulty making the coin attractive for a flood of hashing power which can lead the difficulty function to overcompensate, leaving it stuck with a high difficulty no longer profitable to mine.
I haven’t observed this lately, that is, I don’t recall incidents of this in 2017, but I’ve been paying far less attention to it as well. It is entirely possible for this to recur, as the difficulty function is not fixed (it would require a hard fork to fix it). We seem to have more baseline hashing which helps to avoid this, but it is possible for us to lose that.
A workaround is to use large transaction fees (I've set my client to 337 NYAN) which is enough to cause pools to generally solve a block even if the chain were otherwise stuck. It may be possible to include a better difficulty function in a hard fork client, but it is unknown when if ever this would be done and it's not yet clear what design improvement if any would fix this.
51% attack: Because of the generally quite low hashing power on NYAN, it is highly vulnerable to a 51% attack. Either a leading pool or a new one could choose to do a denial-of-service attack, whether for extortion, lulz, or some other reason (like coinaday being annoying). Such an attack is capable of preventing any transaction processing for as long as it is sustained. I consider this a relatively low risk since I expect we would simply wait it out (and potentially not even notice such an attack for quite a while given the low volume of transactions currently), but it is definitely a potential vulnerability.
Bugs: It is possible that there are bugs in the underlying code. I have never read through all of the bitcoin or nyancoin code, of any version, nor even studied the original bitcoin whitepaper in depth (by the way, we oughta make up a nyancoin whitepaper or ten someday), meaning I have no professional or technical knowledge about whether or not the system is fundamentally sound. I've been going based on "it seems to be working, so it's probably fine", which is, shall we say, more of an engineering than scientific approach.
I have heard reference to a "time warp" bug vulnerability in the KGW difficulty function which Nyancoins has. I do not know details and my understanding is a fix to this would require a fork to change the difficulty function, so I do not anticipate a fix before NYAN3, the term for an eventual hard fork, but it is unknown when if ever this would be done. I consider this vulnerability to be likely to be related to the fundamental weakness to difficulty spikes after large amounts of hashing jumps on the network. Hostile (or simply passing interest with large capacity) hashing does degrade the performance of the network. As a workaround, this class of attack can be mitigated with a transaction to 'unstick' the chain after, since the difficulty function will adjust in the next block after enough wall-time has passed since the last block (so only need one high difficulty solve which can be triggered by a transaction fee).
Legal: Bitcoin faces uncertain legal situations in almost every country. Nyancoin is even more uncertain, as people tend to consider bitcoin and not address impacts on altcoins. Between the potential tax implications and banking regulations and currency laws, there are a wide variety of ways a person could make a felony-level mistake. This can be somewhat mitigated by merely buying and holding, as you won't be responsible for KYC/AML presumably (although an argument could be made in your purchase), and presumably unrealized capital gains wouldn't be taxable (but I am neither a lawyer nor accountant nor any sort of expert on the relevant accounting laws in any country).
Somehow getting legal opinions for Nyancoins in every country would be very useful in my opinion. If Bitcoin and altcoins are well-studied in a given country it should be relatively easy to adapt those opinions and research to Nyancoins, but it would still require some pro bono work in any case. So...hopefully we'll get some lawyer Nekonauts someday who are willing to semi-officially give us an opinion. In the meantime...hope that common sense can save you. If you sell Nyancoins directly, you're going to need to comply with the KYC/AML types of laws of your country. If you're going to do banking operations...may the central bank have mercy on your soul.
I think the best advantage we have is the same bitcoin had for its first years: we're too small for anyone to care. But since we plan to grow significantly, we need to be aware of our legal issues upon scale. Which is to say, whether or not you're allowed to sell 10,000 NYAN to your friend probably has a lot to do with whether your friend legally acquired whatever is being offered in exchange, and whether the value of what you get in return is above a certain level or not. I'm not going to try guessing that level precisely because I know I'll be wrong. $1 is probably fine. $10,000 is probably illegal without some significant licensing. I would suggest either not touching fiat or else deliberately capping it without verification after getting an independent local expert legal opinion.
concentration: The fact that I hold about 41%(? not sure the exact percentage as of Dec 2017 ; need to do updated survey to check; 41% sounds slightly high to me but I'll see...I'll try to update by the end of the year or shortly after) of the currently outstanding NYAN could be a major risk factor, particularly if I do not act in the best long-term interests of the strength of Nyancoins. For instance, I could pull my bids, sell only a small part of my holdings, crash the market, and potentially buy a lot of volume for a lower price. While I cannot foresee any circumstance under which I would do this, it is certainly conceivable that I could be financially, legally, or morally obligated to do so if I were to become insolvent.
Liquidity: There is very little trading activity in NYAN. Therefore, large purchases will drive the price up and large sales will drive the price down. This means that entering and exiting a position is likely to result in "slippage", so even if the price has increased slightly overall since the time before one entered a position to the time before one exits it, it is quite possible that the overall trade will be neutral or negative as a result of the pressure on the market. For an extreme example, my own position would be essentially impossible to exit from the market without crashing the price, and even so it would likely be difficult to find buyers even at a satoshi, based on that I currently am the majority of the bids on the market. This is closely tied to the concentration risk but if I were to exit NYAN for any reason or simply fail to continue to renew bids the liquidity would dry up even further.
Internet outage: if the Internet goes down, we hit a very nasty scenario. We can't process transactions, and all the miners go into a race to make 'useless' blocks on their own. If the Internet were never to come back up, Nyancoins would be dead. If there is a daylong internet outage, the longest blockchain discovered after, presumably representing the most hashing power dedicated to empty blocks during that outage, will win. So I suppose the block rewards in that case are for having the faith in Nyancoins to keep hashing and storing the blockchain during the day without the Internet.
addictive: This was a curiosity to me when I started. Now it's an obsession for me. I'm constantly thinking about how I can help to smooth the path for Nyancoins to grow stronger and better and more valuable. You may find that once you start to realize the impact you can have upon Nyancoins, and that Nyancoins can have upon you, that you start to become addicted as well. It is possible to substitute another addiction in its place, such as dogecoins or pcp, but it is not recommended.
Nyancoin addictions are considered 'mostly harmless'. The exception is if you go 'full coinaday' and start to accumulate more than 10% of your assets in Nyancoins. In this, this is essentially a variety of gambling addiction. I would argue that it beats roulette because you can tilt the odds in your favor, but then, I would argue that, wouldn't I?
mo' nyan mo' problems: Some people have claimed that more money leads to more problems. Since nyan is money, it follows as a consequence of the conjecture. Should this be the case, your increasing nyan could potentially lead to such problems in the future as: enhanced attention from revenue collection services of all kinds (governmental and private), swarms of fake friends and gold-diggers, excessive risk-taking as a result of feelings of invincibility, an increase in certain varieties of targeted marketing, possible disqualification for asset-based welfare for you (or even your children, for instance college financial assistance), an inability to remember how many houses you own, or other serious problems.
Conclusion
There are a variety of different risks in buying Nyancoins. I believe the most serious one is the developer issue. If those of us who have found or come back to NYAN abandon it, it could die. Otherwise, I consider the risks generally manageable, but exchange failure or a currently unknown bug could do serious damage to the ecosystem as well.
This self-certified infallible message has been brought to you as a Public Service Announcement of the NYAN Public Relations Council, a transparent front organization of notoriously lovable philanthropist and major NYAN hodler coinaday.
submitted by coinaday to nyancoins [link] [comments]

Long time crypto trader: BTC and LTC manipulated and so is Dogecoin - 1Ð should be $0.005

Dogecoin's price is very undervalued and I believe it will reach new all time highs within the next few months as long as development and infrastructure in the community and marketplace continues to grow.
Some of you may not have noticed whats going on in /Bitcoin but they have just realised the extent and reasons why the Bitcoin price has been declining in the face of 6 months of positive news: manipulation by some whales
This is not limited to Bitcoin but also Litecoin and what I have been seeing the last 2 months in the Dogecoin price too.
So why is there manipulation? greed, plain and simple! In a downward price manipulation the actors drive the price lower by selling at that high price to create fear and panic which scares others into selling too and then buy the same number or more coins at a much lower price and making a profit and potentially a lot more profit when they price rises again. Thats also the key - their intention is for the price to rise eventually. They are just loading up.
I have always argued to many sceptics that manipulation is the fuel for the Bitcoin price to move up and down and despite that Bitcoin is undervalued according to available supply, its applications and its ability to solve real world problems for the rest of the 3 billion people that are unbanked around the globe.
Now lets look at Dogecoin and its price. Several months back I posted that the price decline of Dogecoin is due to the the 180 million+ a day of new Dogecoin generated was the reason for the price decline and that supply couldn't meet demand. While that is partly true several months ago I have been observing 40-100 million Dogecoins being dumped at a single time 40-60million Dogecoin sell walls at the slightest indication of Dogecoin moving up this is not auto selling. While some auto dumping occurs from multipools which is normal it doesn't explain the uncontrollable yet coordinated timing at which it is being carried out whenever a breakout appears like happening. This is more obvious this past month since the february manipulation. Right now we are currently seeing Dogecoin sell walls placed to prevent a price rise above 100 satoshi, for how long I don't know?
But what I do know is that Dogecoin is undervalued and I believe each Dogecoin should be worth at least $0.002 and upto $0.005. This puts the market cap between $188m - $470m. I based these figures on the metrics which determine the Bitcoin (and to some degree Litecoin) price in its first year of wide scale media attention and the time it takes 70,000 people to use it for goods and services. Bitcoin reached that threshold last year in spring when the total number of Bitcoins generated was around 12million and price rose to around $50 and so many online shops were using it as well as silk road. This put the market cap of Bitcoin at $600m so Dogecoin with its market place, large user base and lots of media attention would make it reasonable to suggest, despite its inflation rate and no cap to be somewhere between $188-470 million. This means 1 doge would be worth $0.002-0.005.
In fact Coingecko.com tells us Dogecoin is the number two crypto-currency by all metrics but it doesn't tell us how big the marketplace is and the fact there are over 200 businesses atleast that accept Doge and numerous ATMs, secure network, growing userbase, reducing supply rate of new Dogecoins generated and 35% of current supply is held in cold storage by most of the top 30 wallets. I should know I have one of them and I don't plan on selling! I'm waiting for Dogecoin to become universal and very liquid to be able to spend my doge to buy, rent and send to anyone, any company any charity that I choose.
With all that said it will just be a matter of time before the floodgates open and the price rises to new all time highs. But don't invest more than you can afford to lose this is still a speculative technology!
Finally, Im very impressed that demand for dogecoin has been so formidable the past several months in the face of such downward manipulation in price! Well done to you all, keep up the good work and enthusiasm and continue to spend, save and tip doge where you can :)
To the moon!
EDIT: As of right now (11.30 GMT) there is a 80 million sell wall on cryptsy
EDIT 2: 70 million now as 10 million was just bought: the manipulators are smelling a breakout hence the 80 million (http://imgur.com/FHV5A3J)
EDIT 3: if you want to see how manipulation can be defeated check this out https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-uX_bB_4VJk&feature=youtu.be (thanks to Voogru and his post in /bitcoin today)
EDIT 4: while I'm here can you please sign this petition to get doge on the major exchanges if you agree. Thanks!
EDIT 5: More manipulation - 107 million doge sell wall @90 after a 85million sell wall @88 got bought up - this is unprecedented in Dogecoin market history and goes to show how much demand there is. (http://imgur.com/9QG9nOf)
submitted by Justlite to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Of Wolves and Weasels - Day 49 - Such Memories

Hey all! GoodShibe here!
So, yesterday I started putting this thing together and WOW did you come out in droves to help! Thank you so much for sharing your ideas and memories. And thank you kindly to the mods for stickying that post!
In one day we reached 60% completion on a list of top 100 Memories and Achievements of Dogecoin! That's amazing! So many fantastic memories and accomplishments!
Which leads me to share some developments.
The title of this endeavor is now - unless someone comes up with something better:
Such Memories: The First 100 Days of Dogecoin
I'm going to be putting this together as a 100-ish paged commemorative book - for free in PDF, probably with some cost as a fancy, printed book (Sold as close to 'at cost' as I can get it -- slipstream- has recommended selling it at a small profit, with profits going toward charities or Dogecoin Foundation for charities, etc - thoughts?).
Artists, if you've got Dogecoin-themed artwork you want to see in this, please, put forward some links to hi-res CMYK copies and I'll do my best to fit it in.
Also! Let's find the funniest, best Dogecoin-related memes that we have put together so far and include them as well! :D)
We're also going to need a cover.
Any artists out there care to try their hand at designing a cover for this?
We'll put it to the community to vote for the one they like the most, and we'll include the others in the book somewhere :D) If you're an artist who submits to the project, you'll get full credit and promotion for your site inside the book (probably in a credits section at the back).
I also want to hear from the community - think up some interesting stories, maybe what got you into Dogecoin. What your fondest memories of Dogecoin are. These first 100 days have been an exciting rollercoaster of adventure... let's make that we never forget all the fun memories we've had together. If you have personal, fun pictures you'd like to share, fun, personal stories you want to see get into the book, then start working on them now, put them into the comments, keep them on hand!.
Here's the list that I have right now - in no particular order:
MOMENTS/ACHIEVEMENTS:
  1. ummjackson's first 'joke' on Twitter about Dogecoin being 'the next big thing'
  2. The original bitcointalk Dogecoin forum page
  3. Dogewallet Hacked
  4. The first Dogecoin paperwallet design
  5. Save Dogemas is put together by the community, to help out victims of the hack. (News articles?)
  6. 15 Million doge raised by the community to save dogemas
  7. SilentShibe's first tip (not sure when that was)
  8. Ophrahshibe's mass-tippings
  9. The forming of the Dogecoin Foundation
  10. Vault of Satoshi adds the first DOGE->USD/CAD exchange
  11. Dogesled - Helping to fund the Jamaican Bobsled team - NPR article
  12. Shibes actually getting to meet with the Jamaican Bobsled team after funding! (pics?)
  13. Olympics Funding: Shibes raise funds to send Indian Lugers to Sochi in a matter of hours
  14. Strange Donuts - The very first brick-and-mortar food purchase with DOGE!
  15. NYC Dogeparty
  16. Doge 4 kids
  17. Doge is now accepted at experiment.com
  18. DOGE bought pizza for the homeless
  19. DOGE's first fork. Scary! slipstream- has found the exact time and date of our first fork: 2014-01-05 00:09:17 (UTC). That's Day 28
  20. The first time a /dogecoin post reached the top of /all (Thanks 42points for the link!)
  21. The first News article to cover Dogecoin - (http://wwwh.eavy.com/tech/2013/12/dogecoin-what-is-shibe-cryptocurrenc/) on Heavy.com dated Dec 9th, 2013, but not sure if it counts as 'News'. Thoughts?|
  22. The first-ever Of Wolves and Weasels post
  23. the creation of Dogec0in.com - a popular Dogecoin waterbowl/chat room
  24. the Christmas Day Dust Fix
  25. Kabosu's owner started accepting dogecoin for charity
  26. Reddit freaked out because they didn't realize it was an online wallet and thought that tiny withdrawals were indicative of hacking
  27. The first Halvening
  28. Our massive jump up from 25 Satoshis
  29. Dogecoin mentioned in the Australian senate (official Transcript here!)
  30. Payment systems for online shops: Moolah.ch, Coinpayments.net, Dogeapi.com
  31. PoS systems for brick and mortar: dogePoS, moolah (still in beta)
  32. Markets to sell product in dogecoin: shibemart.com, muchmarket.com
  33. Classifieds: suchlist.com
  34. Micro jobs network: dogerr.com
  35. The birth of Dogetipbot v1 - Went Live on 12/15/2013 - First ever dogetip!
  36. Rise of the tipbots: Youtube, Facebook, Twitter, Imgur, etc.
  37. Fork #2
  38. The "inflationary" characteristic of Dogecoin announcement from devs
  39. DogeTEL. The first cryptocurrency phone service!
  40. Fido.pw - sending DOGE via SMS anywhere in the world!
  41. Stuffcoins.com - created by stuffcoins an eBay for Dogecoins
  42. alwaysgeeky, Indie dev sells his game VOX for DOGE.
  43. triverske and friends over at /dogecrafters teach our DOGEs how to play Minecraft! with us - and share our DOGEs on any Minecraft Server
  44. vBulletin Forums Integration! daveaite has created a free plugin for vBulletin, allowing users to directly tip one another in Dogecoin!
  45. 'Universal' DOGE Tippers: DogeTip.co, built by woowdoge and Altcend, created by altcy. Send (password protected) tips - both the sender and the receiver have to sign up.
  46. DogeBucket.com is a Crowd Funding/Crowd Tipping website created by Goldiepurps and their team!
  47. Doge Lodge in Tehran, Iran - created by lincoln_lava - is a homestay if you happen to be in the area (or want to visit) for 10K DOGE per night.
  48. ÐTunes, created by hjras is a great place to sell and buy independent music for Dogecoins. Very cool!
  49. Stat-checkers: DogePulse, created by shibeous and Dogedump, created by cryptogaz
  50. Armstrong Steel - A Steel Building OEM Manufacturer is now accepting Dogecoin! Thanks to SekcRokStallion for their efforts to bring their workplace on board! That's most-definitely a first!
  51. Corinthian Transportation is now allowing you to pay for Limo services with Dogecoin!
  52. Buying homemade bbq/marinade sauce with DOGE - dogesauce.com
  53. @Adult's record-setting DOGE-tip on Twitter
  54. (http://www.reddit.com/dogecoin/comments/1yfnrx/looks_like_kraken_got_doge/) that the exchange [Kraken.com](http://www.kraken.com] is now accepting Dogecoin!
  55. The UniverseProject will be using Dogecoin as the main currency for their game VoidSpace.
  56. The "SnowDoge" Competition! Check it out HERE
  57. MultiDoge - First altcoin light wallet.
  58. Treats.io - The first place to buy giftcards with DOGE
  59. Buygold.io - The first place to buy Reddit Gold with DOGE
Added today:
TOTAL: 100/100
Also: I was thinking we might have a pour-one-out for all the Orphans - a page dedicated to all the blocks we lost along the way... thoughts?
What have I missed?! Let me know in the comments!
It's 8:29AM EST and we're at 53.95% of DOGEs found. Our Global Hashrate is spiking from ~61 to ~98 Gigahashes per second and our Difficulty is down slightly from ~1024 to ~1014.
Lots of fantastic things in store, let's keep this list growing!
As always, I appreciate your support!
GoodShibe
TL;DR: 100/100!!!
submitted by GoodShibe to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Of Wolves and Weasels - Day 189 - The State of Dogecoin

Hey all! GoodShibe... on Vacation!
Please enjoy this post by Guest Writer thistime1 and tip them well ;D)
Note: To tip them directly: +dogetipbot @thistime1 xxx doge verify
I have collected as much data as I could possibly find and contacted as many major players in the Dogecoin community as I could. I hope you all find this synthesis of information informative and worthy of discussion.
Anything that was announced in the few days before this was posted may not be included here, due to me working on this for the last 2 weeks! Sorry if I missed you.
I hope to do this again, maybe even as a quarterly report.
Please take all the information presented to you here and make your own conclusions about how important each piece of data is to YOUR view of Dogecoin.
Price
1 Doge = $0.00029 USD
Price would have to increase ~750% to be back at peak value ($0.0022/dogecoin).
COMPARED TO LITECOIN
1 LTC = $7.60 USD
Price would have to increase ~650% to be back at peak value ($48/litecoin).
Market Capitalization
7th of all digital currencies, ~$23 Million USD
Our market cap has been declining the last few months, most coin’s have. I am excited to know what our year-to-year price change will be as that is a better measure of change than the last 30 days.
For the past few days I have been trying to find a graph of the TOTAL market cap of all coins together over time.
I have a theory that not a lot of money is being put into cryptocurrencies at the moment, and the coins that go up in value are taking away value from others. What do you think?
I want to know if this is true, or if I am crazy. If that is somewhat true, there is a limit to how many coins will make it big.
I'd love to just see the total ALTCOIN market cap over time as well.
Hashrate/Halving
Hashrate = ~50GH/s
Oddly, this is about the same hashrate we had after the last halving! ASICs inbound…
I could not find what proportion of the SCRYPT hashrate we have over time, as that is the best measure of hashrate in relation to other coins.
I do have this though.
Litecoin’s hashrate is about 10 times larger than ours now.
The current block reward (recent halving) will create 90 Million Dogecoins/day or 38.7BTC at current prices.
This means that if ALL mined Dogecoins are sold every day they would only make up 3.8-7.5% off all transaction volume per day, which is around 500-1000BTC/day.
When the price stays the same, we can assume 250-500BTC of Dogecoins are bought or sold in that day. Therefore miners do not make up a large portion of the selling anymore, and they haven't for a while.
Another BIG assumption you have to make is that 38.7BTC cannot move markets. From my personally observations, the Cryptsy DOGE/BTC market controls the price of Dogecoin. I have watched the Chinese markets (BTC100, BTC38, BTER) respond to changes in price after they happen on Cryptsy. ~38BTC can have a HUGE impact on price if buy/sell walls are not there to support it.
We need more demand, but it is nice to have less pressure from miners anyways.
Liquidity is still much much higher with Litecoin though!
Transactions per Day
Dogecoin has more transactions per day Litecoin, and all other altcoins.
Sent from addresses
Dogecoin has more unique addresses sending coins per day than Litecoin, and all other altcoins.
Average Transaction Value
Average Litecoin transaction value for today was $9,380 USD.
Average Dogecoin transaction value for today was $122 USD.
Average Bitcoin transaction value for today was $3,250 USD.
http://bitinfocharts.com/comparison/transactionvalue-btc-ltc-doge.html Dogecoin is potentially being used exactly as intended. Lots of people sending small amounts of money to each other or things.
I am stunned that the AVERAGE person sending Litecoins that day, sent almost $10K.
That is 3x higher than Bitcoin. In fact, oddly, Litecoin always has a higher average transaction value than Bitcoin since the Bitcoin bubble in late 2013. Anybody know why?
We usually DO NOT have higher transaction volumes than Litecoin, but we do consistently have ~500-1000BTC/day that is transacted, putting Dogecoin in the top 5 most traded coins.
Dogecoin Address Growth
Dogecoin has also GAINED 14,653 positive addresses in the month of June, where Litecoin has LOST 33,875. (info from bitinfocharts and currency4world)
Wikipedia Statistics (http://stats.grok.se/)
Bitcoin traffic – Average ~9000 views in the last 90 days (highest 18614 views/day) – total views/90 days 819,193
Litecoin traffic – Average ~380 views in the last 90 days (highest 998 views/day) – total views/90 days 40,036
Dogecoin traffic – Average ~1200 views in the last 90 days (highest 8629 views/day) – total views/90 days 154,415
Circlejerking Statistics
Bitcoin recently surpassed 1 Yottahash, I believe we are up to almost 1 Yottajerk of circlejerking power. I am excited for a few years from now, when the QuantumJerk ASICs are released.
Every time I read someone calling /dogecoin a circlejerk I laugh, not because they are wrong, but because they are just stating the obvious.
Do you think there is someone in the corner of the room at NASA who just comments about how all they talk about is rockets and space?
If dreaming big and congratulating ourselves on our achievements is a circlejerk, then I guess it’s human to circlejerk. Every subreddit is a circlejerk, the only difference in /dogecoin is that you can get tips from circlejerking. (Is that prostitution?)
The main point of this section was to see how many times I could type circlejerk.
Foundation
The new Dogecoin Foundation is now a legal enitiy and will have a road map of working projects
Personally I would love to see someone from the Chinese Dogecoin community represented on the Foundation. They buy and sell a lot of Dogecoins Maybe just a liason position or something.
At the very least, during fundraisers, the Chinese community should be contacted to see if they want to help out!
Development
Dogecoin is the ONLY altcoin with the Core/Wallet/qt based off of Bitcoin 0.9. Dogecoin Core will be kept up to date and features from the Bitcoin Core will be adopted quickly. The devs are doing great so far, especially against coins with full-time PAID developers!
CrytoSaga
Unprecedented cryptocurrency modeling software will be written to test possible outcomes to changes in Dogecoin’s algorithm. Main candidates are PoS 2.0, Tendermint, and SIMD. To my knowledge, this has never been created before in all of cryptocurrency, and will definitely further highlight the abilities of Dogecoin’s development team.
A payment protocol is also being worked on.
Cryptiv
Dogetipbot
Twitch tipping with dogetipbot will go live soon! You can sign up to be invited to the beta, here.
After Twitch tipping goes live, there will be a huge announcement
I have followed what mohland and dvorwak have said about it, here.
Coingecko
Price might not be so encouraging at the moment, but stay faithful. Keep up the good work. Encourage more people to join. The community is something special. I have strong faith that it will be heading to the moon!
Coinplay.io
http://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/news/kansas-city-startup-incubator-partners-dogecoin-based-coinplay-io/2014/07/09
Suchlist
SnapCard
Buy ANYTHING in Dogecoins that is for sale online. Available in over 50 countries. Only BTC, LTC, DOGE, and XRP are supported.
WeSellDoges
Onarbor
The biggest new Onarbor feature announcement is ability to back and re-back works and reviews. This was the top request so we're glad to finally implement it. Coming soon will be more tailored feeds where we will allow people to follow creators that interest them (will allow TwitteFB/linkedin auth to find friends/colleagues).
What can Dogecoin do better?
Marketing
For a coin that has done some of the best marketing out there, we suck at getting major announcements across on multiple platforms.
I am hoping /dogecoin_pr will bring this up to par.
EXAMPLE:
51.54% of Dogecoin users are on Dogecoin Core 1.6.( http://bitinfocharts.com/dogecoin/)
Maybe merchants and such are not to keen on updating if it is not required, but maybe they just do not know about 1.7.
When 1.8 comes out, I would love to see a sticky thread on the subreddit, an announcement on the official Dogecoin Twitter and Facebook pages, an announcement on the front of the BitcoinTalk forum, as well as contacting cryptonews websites.
Dogecoin has a large social media presence and should be taking advantage of THAT!
Tipping
I am concerned that there are not that many external deposits made to everyone’s dogetipbot accounts. Until there are more tipping users, I fear that we may be only be tipping coins that were tipped to us in the first place. That is not the best way to build demand. I am hoping mohland has some data on this.
I strongly believe in the tipping economy and culture of Dogecoin, and personally, that is how I think we can best build demand. Until we have more tipping users, it is up to us to build that demand, and the work could pay off.
Dogecoin.com
I know you powerlemons is working on updating this, but the website is COMPLETELY MISSING a section on how to accept Dogecoin. This should be just as big as the other coloured sections!
ALSO
This should be added to the “Get Dogecoin” section at the bottom of the page.
I have tried to keep it updated as much as possible, but would love the community to notify me of any changes
COMMENTS
Josh Wise
“I have said this to a few people in the community but my two cents on this is to keep it fun, charitable, and stick to the fundamentals that made the community grow so much initially. My personal opinion (and I really have no clue what I am talking about) is that this community grew so fast because it was so much fun, anything seemed possible, everything seemed worth trying and there were not many negative undertones with anything. It seems like people are really getting wrapped up in a lot of negatives right now and that is never productive. The law of attraction will rule in the end and as long as people are positive- no matter the circumstance- the circumstance will become positive. I love this place and wish only the best for dogecoin and the community, and like I said, I have no clue as to all of the intricacies and the many moving parts past and present. Only my two cents on what I see (:
As far as upcoming projects- I am still working on some new shirts by popular demand. I would really love to either race the Dogecoin car in a few Superspeedway races next year, or try to raise money so that we can run the rear bumper all season. I am super thankful for all that has come of this and want to continue to help build the brand and awareness in any ways possible. A lot of that is really up to the community though and not me.”
Co-founder (BillyM2K aka Shibetoshi Nakamoto)
“A community that is having fun, building cool things, and coming together for great causes and fun causes alike is exceptionally more valuable than one that is trying desperately to create value by finger pointing, complaining, witch hunting, attempting to market useless features, and ultimately eating itself.”
thistime1 - High Anxiety Shibe
I hope you all learned something today. I tried really hard to make sure that was the case.
Who do I love?
It's 7:41AM EST and we've found 87.49% of our initial 100 Billion DOGEs -- only 12.51% remains until our period of Hyper-inflation ends! Our Global Hashrate is up from ~44 to ~47 Gigahashes per second and our Difficulty is up from ~708 to ~724.
I Hope you enjoyed today's Guest Post by thistime1!
Note: To tip them directly:
+dogetipbot @thistime1 xxx doge verify
GoodShibe
submitted by GoodShibe to dogecoin [link] [comments]

My prediction 26 days ago...

26 days ago... I called it
Like I've said before in this post. This market is heavily manipulated. Some people have hundreds of bitcoins and it isn't difficult to move the market when you have that kind of purchasing power.
This current downtrend was due to the following chain of events: 1.) No major news for dogecoin. 2.) Multipools cheating out other pools by snagging high value blocks. 3.) AuroraCoin stealing some of our thunder Another predicton of mine when it was at $20 and climbed to $93/AUR.
With no major news events, new members dropped. Keep in mind there isn't anything to base a currency on other than news articles and membership! That's even true for bitcoin! So in this bizzaro world, No News is Bad News. Secondly we had multipools gaming the system to obtain more dogecoins. This in turn lead miners to leaving the game because it's not fair, or rigged. This leads to a drop in hashrate which many speculators see as a trend in how valuable a coin is. Put this all together and you get a perfect storm for whales to create a dump.
But a funny thing happened. The price hit 103 satoshi's and 20 to 30 bitcoins were dropped like a hat causing the price to rise. It's now almost at 120 satoshi's (THAT'S A 20 FREAK'n PERCENT PROFIT PEOPLE!).
But why? What changed?
This
The Mods announced a fix to the problem and the whales took that as good news. They easily dropped a substancial amount of bitcoin buying up while everyone else was panic selling.
So what's my next prediction?
Either doge will drop under 100, or it'll remain in the low 100's until the next big news comes along (expect a pump a couple weeks prior to the halving). Either way it's sticking around. 70,000 shibes don't go quietly into the night my friend. They bark loudly and wake up the neighbors who have to wake up early to take their kids to school the next day.
Stand tuff doges.
submitted by Pickle_ninja to dogecoin [link] [comments]

such beginner shibe thread wow how to get coin

 how to shibecoin v rich in minutes much instruct so simple any doge can do 

START HERE

UPDATE 1/21/14: I'm not updating this guide anymore. Most of the steps should still work though. See the wiki or check the sidebar for updated instructions.
Before you do anything else, you need to get a wallet. Until there's a secure online wallet, this means you need to download the dogecoin client.
Now open the client you just downloaded. You'll be given a default address automatically, and it should connect to peers and start downloading the dogechain (aka blockchain in formal speak). You'll know because there will be a progress bar at the bottom and at the lower right there should be a signal strength icon (TODO: add screenshots).
If you've waited 2 or 3 minutes and nothing is happening, copy this:
maxconnections=100 addnode=95.85.29.144 addnode=162.243.113.110 addnode=146.185.181.114 addnode=188.165.19.28 addnode=166.78.155.36 addnode=doge.scryptpools.com addnode=doge.netcodepool.org addnode=doge.pool.webxass.de addnode=doge.cryptopool.it addnode=pool.testserverino.de addnode=doge.luckyminers.com addnode=doge.cryptovalley.com addnode=miner.coinedup.comdoge addnode=doge.cryptoculture.net addnode=dogepool.pw addnode=doge.gentoomen.org addnode=doge.cryptominer.net addnode=67.205.20.10 addnode=162.243.113.110 addnode=78.46.57.132 
And paste it into a new text file called dogecoin.conf, which you then place into the dogecoin app directory.
Now restart your qt client and the blockchain should start downloading in about 1-2 minutes.
Once it finished downloading, you're ready to send and receive Dogecoins!

GETTING COINS

Decide how you want to get Dogecoin. Your options are:
I'll go into detail about each of these. I'm currently writing this out. I'll make edits as I add sections. Suggestions are welcome.

MINING

Mining is how new dogecoins are created. If you're new to crypto currencies, read this. To mine (also called "digging"), a computer with a decent GPU (graphics card) is recommended. You can also mine with your CPU, but it's not as efficient.

GPU MINING

These instructions cover only Windows for now. To mine, you'll need to figure out what GPU you have. It'll be either AMD/ATI or Nvidia. The setup for both is approximately the same.

Step One: Choose a pool

There's a list of pools on the wiki. For now it doesn't really matter which one you choose. You can easily switch later.
NOTE: You can mine in two ways. Solo mining is where you mine by yourself. When you find a block you get all the reward. Pool mining is when you team up with other miners to work on the same block together. This makes it more likely that you'll find a block, but you won't get all of it, you'll have to split it up with others according to your share of the work. Pool mining is recommended because it gives you frequent payouts, because you find more blocks. The larger the pool you join, the more frequent the payouts, but the smaller the reward you get.
Over a long period of time the difference between pool and solo mining goes away, but if you solo mine it might be months before you get any coins.

Step two: Set up pool account

The pool you chose should have a getting started page. Read it and follow the instructions. Instructions vary but the general idea is:
When you're done with this, you'll need to know:

Step three: Download mining software

For best performance you'll need the right mining software.
Unzip the download anywhere you want.

Step four: Set up miner

Create a text file in the same folder as your miner application. Inside, put the command you'll be running (remove brackets).
For AMD it's cgminer.exe --scrypt -o stratum+tcp://: -u -p
For Nvidia it's cudaminer.exe -o stratum+tcp://: -O :
Substitute the right stuff in for the placeholders. Then on the next line of the text file type pause. This will let you see any errors that you get. Then save the file with any name you want, as long as the file extension is .bat. For example mine_serverName.bat.

Step five: Launch your miner

Just open the .bat file and a command line window should pop up, letting you know that the miner is starting. Once it starts, it should print out your hash rate.
If you now go to the pool website, the dashboard should start showing your hashrate. At first it'll be lower than what it says in the miner, but that's because the dashboard is taking a 5 minute average. It'll catch up soon enough.
NOTE: A normal hashrate is between 50 Kh/s up to even 1 Mh/s depending on your GPU.

You're now mining Dogecoins

That's it, nothing more to it.

CPU MINING

CPU mining isn't really recommended, because you'll be spending a lot on more on power than you'd make from mining Dogecoin. You could better spend that money on buying Dogecoin by trading. But if you have free electricity and want to try it out, check out this informative forum post.

Trading

Trading has been difficult so far, but Dogecoin just got added to a few new exchanges. If you don't have a giant mining rig, this is probably the best way to get 100k or more dogecoins at the moment. I'll write up a more complete guide, but for now check out these sites:

Faucets

Faucets are sites that give out free coins. Usually a site will give out somewhere between 1 and 100 Dogecoin. Every site has its own time limits, but usually you can only receive coins once every few hours, or in some cases, days. It's a great way to get started. All you do is copy your address from the receive section of your wallet and enter it on some faucet sites. Check out /dogecoinfaucets for more. If you go to each site on there you might end up with a couple hundred Dogecoin!

Begging

This method is pretty straightforward. Post your receiving address, and ask for some coins. Such poor shibe. The only catch is, don't do it here! Please go to /dogecoinbeg.

Tips

At the moment there are two tip bots:
Other redditors can give you Dogecoin by summoning the tip bot, something like this:
+dogetipbot 5 doge
This might happen if you make a good post, or someone just wants to give out some coins. Once you receive a tip you have to accept it in a few days or else it'll get returned. Do this by following the instructions on the message you receive in your inbox. You reply to the bot with "+accept". Commands go in the message body. Once you do that, the bot will create a tipping address for you, and you can use the links in the message you receive to see your info, withdraw coins to your dogecoin-qt wallet, see your history, and a bunch of other stuff.
As a bonus, so_doge_tip has a feature where you can get some Dogecoins to start with in exchange for how much karma you have. To do this, send the message "+redeem DOGE" to so_doge_tip. You'll need to create a tipping account if you don't have one.
If you want to create a tipping account without ever being tipped first, message either of the bots with "+register" and an address will be created for you.

CHANGELOG

  • 1/21/14 - Added note about this thread no longer being updated
  • 1/21/14 - Changed wallet links to official site
  • 12/27/13 - Added 1.3 wallet-qt links
  • 12/21/13 - Added new windows 1.2 wallet link
  • 12/20/13 - Fixed +redeem text
  • 12/18/13 - Added short blurb on trading.
  • 12/18/13 - Updated cudaminer to new version (cudaminer-2013-12-18.zip).
  • 12/18/13 - Fixed +redeem link
  • 12/18/13 - Updates dogecoin.conf, from here.
  • 12/17/13 - Linked to mining explanation.
  • 12/17/13 - Added link to CPU mining tutorial, in response to this.
  • 12/16/13 - Added links to tip commands, link to dogetipbot wiki.
  • 12/16/13 - Note about tip commands going in body, in response to this.
  • 12/16/13 - Added link to cgminer mirror, thanks to scubasteve812 and thanks to Bagrisham.
  • 12/16/13 - Note about removing brackets in response to this.
  • 12/15/13 - Fixed hash rate as per this comment, thanks lleti
  • 12/15/13 - Added info for all other ways of getting money, except for trading (placeholder for now)
  • 12/15/13 - Added windows GPU mining instructions 12/15/13 - Added wallet instructions, list of how to get money
submitted by lego-banana to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Learned my lesson about wallet security

In 2014 I started mining LTC on an old garage computer that had a weak, but acceptable GPU. After a couple of weeks I had about 1 LTC, worth around $15 USD at the time, and decided to trade it around a bit. This also happened to be a time of incredible strength in the dogecoin community, and I soon found myself going all in on doge. It was incredibly fun, donating small amounts here and there to various causes, and sending and receiving tips with other redditors alike. Time went by and intrest fizzled, and when it was all said and done I really only had about $6 USD in doge.
Fast forward to December 2017, bitcoin is surging and crypto is all over the news again. I quickly became curious of what happened to all that doge I had a few years ago. Luckily, I had saved a wallet key with a password I remembered. So I downloaded multidoge and imported it. Immediately it showed a balance of 12911 Dogecoin, not bad! Then the blockchain updated, at first it was more incoming transactions, eventually showing a total balance of 17611 doge. Then... this. The last thing I did with all of my dogecoin was send it to an online exchange and forget about it. And what exchange did I use? Cryptsy. Sure, I didn't lose thousands or even hundreds, but 17611 doge was all I had in the crypto world, and now it's gone forever because I was careless about security.
I know I'm probably preaching to the choir here, but I have learned my lesson. NEVER leave coins in an online wallet you don't have the keys to. Offline wallets ALWAYS, and backups on backups on backups.
Despite the disappointment, it was fun to check up on the community again, and I was happy to see that it is still going strong. My interest in crypto has certainly come back, and I'm certain that I won't make the same mistakes now that I did back then.
To the moon!
submitted by lasergate to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Of Wolves and Weasels - Day 736 - The (Unneccessary) Fall of Cryptsy

Hey all, GoodShibe here!
So, wow, some really interesting and, well, disturbing news about Cryptsy is in the wind.
When I say 'disturbing' by the way, I'm talking about the completely casual admission from Cryptsy themselves that 'oh, yeah, by the way, about a year and a half ago, we lost a crap-ton of your money and elected to not say anything'.
It's a wonderfully technical recounting of events.
Cold and clinical and utterly devoid of remorse.
Man, it's days like this that I really miss Vault of Satoshi.
Here's the hard thing: instinctively, I understand the thought process... can even empathize, to an extent. You're someone who's worked hard to build a business and a brand - to become a pillar of the Cryptosphere. Maybe you've even done everything right up until this point... and then some little piss-ant sneaks behind the curtain and tears everything down around you.
All of a sudden, you're the next Mount Gox.
Destined to go down in history as a ridiculed footnote of Crypto-coin lore.
Yeah, no wonder you "didn't want to cause a panic".
Because, as anyone knows in crypto -- and anyone who runs an exchange is going to be hyper-aware of this -- trust is the only currency that matters. And after Mt. Gox? Trust is a very fragile commodity.
What do you do when you've just had ~20,000 BTC stolen from your coffers?
The Ethical thing would be to explain everything there and then. Publicly build a plan of action, explain and share the process of the investigation. Share the known location of the coins -- hell, in moments, at the time, you probably could have rallied SEVERAL crypto-communities to your side; had some of the very best minds across the cryptosphere working to help you.
Because here's another simple truth: NO ONE wanted another Mt. Gox.
Trust would have been damaged, sure, but I suspect it could have been recovered had you, in time, identified what happened and shown everyone how sophisticated the attack actually was. That it wasn't necessarily you asleep at the wheel. If you had come forward and said "hey, we've got the reserves, we'll take this on the chin as a cost of being part of this grand experiment with you".
Because, yes, so much of all of this is one great, grand experiment and by showing humility and working to advance all of our knowledge of how to protect ourselves, maybe... maybe it wouldn't have been so bad. It would've stung, but you, with work, could've recovered.
If it had actually been about your customers, the people who'd put their trust in you.
But "maybe* is a big word when your legacy is on the line, your years of hard work. You're the victim here, right?
So... if you happen to look at your balance sheet and see that, yeah, you can just... make it go away, pretend that it never happened... why bother, right?
Why even risk it at all?
Except it means that for, who knows how long, you're riding on a very capricious edge.
Owner of an exchange for not just one but hundreds of extremely volatile cryptocurrencies.
Is that why you went from friendly, accessible 'Big Vern' who seemed like he was everywhere to the quiet, recluse that we've seen lately?
The problem with having ones ethics thrown into question is that all sorts of things, things that only existed as rumors and backroom talk end up taking on a whole new life. Was Cryptsy aware of the market manipulation that was going on? Was it... sanctioned? Maybe, in knowing which way something was going to move... well, would that help to fill a 20,000 BTC hole? I'm not saying that anything actually happened, but one certainly begins to wonder what steps one might take.
Because no one 'just accepts' a 20,000 BTC loss without trying to find a way to get it back.
The most frustrating thing about all of this is this:
The fact that Cryptsy lasted this long despite a supposed "run on the bank", despite the many supposed "smear" campaigns against you is a testament to how much the various communities wanted you to exist.
There are so many other, better ways this could have played out.
We need a trusted place to do business, now more than ever.
Instead -- and the Dogecoin Community has some scarily first-hand knowledge of this with the fall of Moolah -- we get to watch as the wheels so very slowly start to fall off. As, one by one, the complaints begin to bubble up from the cracks until the whole thing is torn apart from fear and frustration and anger.
So... now you've got a lawsuit against you. A class action lawsuit. 84,000,000 DOGE is, yeah, people may laugh at our funny, silly little DOGE, but that's no amount of chump change.
Now people are pissed.
Because no one wanted another Mt. Gox.
Yet, when given the option, when faced with the choice... that's exactly the path you chose to walk.
It's 8:18AM EST and our Global Hashrate is holding at ~1260 Gigahashes per Second and our Difficulty is up from ~15082 to ~16757.
As always, I appreciate your support!
GoodShibe
submitted by GoodShibe to dogecoin [link] [comments]

To raise the price of doge we need to use it! (List of stores/exchanges that will accept doge!)

While I love donating and tipping, doge needs to be spent on goods and services to gain value.
Now I'm not saying we should stop tipping and donating, but we should also spend some more on goods and services! Let the doge flow!
And in the light of doge4water being funded I think we should give ourselves a little present too!! So it's time to buy with doge!
Note: I am not responsible for any experiences or transactions in any of these exchanges or stores. Nor am I affiliated with any of them.
Exchanges:
If you know of any others just PM me them and I will add them as soon as I can
Stores/Donation Sites:
This list is not comprehensive, if I missed anything PM me and I can add it.
Directory/Sites like Ebay or Craigslist:
Again this list is not comprehensive. If you have any more suggestions please PM me
(Some of the stores aren't listed but are on the directories and some sites are listed and on the directories, by the way)
And finally a video for you guys :).
To the moon fellow shibes!
submitted by Moon_Ahoy to dogecoin [link] [comments]

[Very long, very serious] Development summary week ending 18th April 2014

When I got my first full time job, I used to try implementing requests from everyone as they came in, and for a while people really loved that I listened to their requests. Over time, however, things started to go wrong. I’d apply a change someone asked for, and in doing so would break something elsewhere in the code, in some subtle way that was missed in short-term testing. I’d fix that second bug and reveal a third. I’d fix that just in time for a new request to come in, and the process repeat. This led to the term “Bug whack-a-mole”, wherein I was spending time mostly fixing bugs introduced to live systems through rushing through earlier bug fixes.
So this week, we’ve had a lot of people asking about changes to proof-of-work, especially X11, or even moving to proof of stake, primarily in an attempt to address risk of a 51% attack. A 51% attack is where one actor (person, group, organisation, whatever) gains control of enough resources to be able to create their own blockchain, isolated from the main blockchain, at a rate at least as quickly as the main blockchain is being created. They can then spend Dogecoins on the main blockchain, before releasing their fake blockchain; if their fake blockchain is longer than the existing blockchain, nodes will switch to the new blockchain (as they would when repairing a fork), and essentially the spent Dogecoin on the main blockchain are reversed and can be spent again. This is mostly of consequence to exchanges and payment processors (such as Moolah), who are most likely to end up holding the loss from the double-spend.
The concern about a 51% attack stems from a couple of weeks ago now, when Wafflepool was around 50% of the network hashrate (mining power). It’s still high (at the time of wring about 32GH/s out of almost 74GH/s, or about 43%), but it is diminishing as a proportion.
Lets talk about proof of stake first, as this one’s simpler. Proof of stake has been suggested as a way of avoiding the risk of Wafflepool having control of too many mining resources by itself, by changing from securing the blockchain through computational resources (work), to using number of Dogecoin held. The theory is that those with most Dogecoins have most to lose, and will act in their own interests. Major examples of proof of stake coins include Peercoin, Mintcoin and more recently Blackcoin.
However, this essentially means we take control from Wafflepool, and hand it to Cryptsy (who are considered most likely to be the holder of some of the huge Dogecoin wallets out there). I by no means expect either organisation to attempt a 51% attack, but hopefully it’s clear that simply switching risks isn’t actually improving things. I’ve also had significant concerns raised from the merchant/payment processor community about potential impact of proof of stake, and that it may encourage hoarding (as coins are awarded for holding coins, rather than for mining). The price instability of Mintcoin and Blackcoin (and that Peercoin appears to only avoid this through very high transaction fees to keep the entire network inert) does not encourage confidence, either. For now, proof of stake remains something we’re keeping in mind, primarily in case price does not react as anticipated to mining reward decreases over time, but certainly we’re not eager to rush into such a change.
Before I get into a discussion on proof of work, let me summarise this quickly; right now, uncertainty about changes is holding back our community from adopting ASICs. It’s high risk to spend hundreds, thousands or in some cases significantly more on ASIC hardware which could be left useless if we move. Those who have already purchased ASICs to support the Dogecoin hashrate would most likely have to mine Litecoin to recover sunk costs, if we did move. ASICs are virtually inevitable, and in our assessment we are better off pushing for rapid adoption, rather than expending resources delaying a problem which will re-occur later.
At the time of writing the development team has no plans to change proof of work algorithm outside of the eventuality of a major security break to Scrypt. We are focusing on mitigation approaches in case of a 51% attack, and adoption of the coin as the most sustainable approaches to dealing with this risk.
The X11 algorithm has been proposed as an alternative proof of work algorithm. X11, for those unaware, was introduced with Darkcoin. It’s a combination of 11 different SHA-3 candidate algorithms, using multiple rounds of hashing. The main advantage championed for Darkcoin is that current implementations run cooler on GPU hardware. Beyond that, there’s a lot of confusion over what it does and does not do. As I’m neither an algorithms or electronics specialist, I recruited a colleague who previously worked on the CERN computing grid to assist, and the following is primarily his analysis. A full technical report is coming for anyone who really likes detail, this is just a summary:
A lot of people presume X11 is ASIC resistant; it’s not. Candidate algorithms for SHA-3 were assessed on a number of criteria, including simplicity to implement in hardware. All 11 algorithms have been implemented in FPGA hardware, and several in ASIC hardware already. The use of multiple algorithms does significantly complicate ASIC development, as it means the resulting chip would likely be extremely large. This has consequences for production, as the area of a chip is the main determining factor for likelihood of an error in the chip.
The short version being that while yes it would take significant resources to make an efficient ASIC for X11, for a long time Scrypt was considered infeasible to adapt to ASICs. As stated earlier, any move would most likely be nothing more than an extremely expensive and risky delaying manoeuvre. ASIC efficiency would also depend heavily on ability to optimise the combination of the algorithms; a naive implementation would run at around the rate of the slowest hashing algorithm, however if any common elements could be found amongst the algorithms, it may be that this could be improved upon significantly
There are also significant areas of concern with regards to X11. The “thermal efficiency” is most likely a result of the algorithm being a poor fit for GPU hardware. This means that GPU mining is closer to CPU mining (the X11 Wiki article suggests a ratio of 3:1 for GPU/CPU mining performance), however it also means that if a way of was found to improve performance there could be significantly faster software miners, leading to an ASIC-like edge without any of the hardware development costs. The component algorithms are all relatively new, and several were rejected during the SHA-3 competition for security concerns (see http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/ST/hash/sha-3/Round2/documents/Round2_Report_NISTIR_7764.pdf for full details). Security criteria for SHA-3 algorithms was also focused on ability to generate collisions, rather than on producing hashes with specific criteria (such as number of leading 0s, which is how proof of work is usually assessed).
X11 is a fascinating algorithm for new coins, however I would consider it exceptionally high risk for any existing coin to adopt.
Beyond algorithm analysis, this week has been mostly about testing 1.7. Last weekend Patrick raised the issue that we had been incorrectly running the automated tests, which had led to several automated test failures being missed earlier. This led to other tasks being dropped as we quickly reworked the tests to match Dogecoin parameters instead of Bitcoin. So far, all tests have passed successfully once updated to match Dogecoin, however this work continues. On the bright side, it turns out we have a lot more automated tests than we realised, which is very useful for later development.
The source code repository for Dogecoin now also uses Travis CI, which sanity-checks patches submitted to the project, to help us catch any potential problems earlier, thanks to Tazz for leading the charge on that. This is particularly important as of course we’re developing on different platforms (Windows, OS X, Linux) and what works on one, may not work on others. Over time, this should be a significant time saver for the developers. For anyone wanting to help push Dogecoin forward, right now the most productive thing to be doing is testing either Dogecoin, or helping Bitcoin Core test pull requests. Feel free to drop by our Freenode channel for guidance on getting started with either.
Right now, I’m working on the full technical report on X11, and will then be back working on the payment protocol for Dogecoin. I’ve approached a few virus scanning software companies about offering their products for Dogecoin, with so far no response, but will update you all if I hear more.
Lastly, the next halvening (mining reward halving) is currently expected late on the 27th or early on the 28th, both times GMT. Given that it was initially expected on the 25th, we’re obviously seeing some slippage in estimates, and a total off the top of my head guess would be that we’ll see it around 0500 GMT on the 28th at this rate. I have taken the 28th off from the day job, and will be around both before and after in case of any problems (love you guys, not getting up at 5am to check on the blockchain, though!)
submitted by rnicoll to dogecoin [link] [comments]

[ELI5] Extracting Privkeys from QT/Core

We have a constant stream of people coming back after abandoning Dogecoin and the sub in 2014 when the price fell. These people all have old versions of QT and are now basically trying to recover their coins, presumably to cash out and abandon us again. This is causing strain for the network, as far more people are trying to leech blocks than seed them.
The thing is, none of this is necessary. Especially if you're just going to dump coins. With resources such as https://coinb.in/#settings all you need are your private keys, and you can create, sign and broadcast transactions yourself. No client required, let alone one as resource-hungry as QT.

"So, how do I get my keys?"

First of all, lets talk about data management. The overwhelming majority of coins are not lost through theft, especially direct theft of wallets (as distinct from wholesale thefts/scams/implosions like Moolah, GAW, MtGox, Cryptsy, and even our own beloved Dogetipbot). Most coins are lost because people forget about their wallets and do silly things like reformat hard drives, lose passwords and so on.
So, everyone should have a wallet list. Here is a sample bit of HTML that gives you a page with two columns of wallets, one for local wallets you would withdraw coins to, the other the third-party wallets you would deposit coins to third parties through (do note that many services use temporary addresses generated for deposits which expire after 24h or so). A page like this is how I manage my 100+ wallets, and I have copies on my network and hidden online. Such a page makes it easy to at least keep track of all your wallets, for a trivial amount of work to set up.
 
 Sample - Twitter Fr DFXXz9gq3WkgJaHn9tXRChMhFQcwm4Y251 To DByYgzd4ec5Ku9vPag8XqoBfyRpsoj8Xs3 @TipDoge Sample - Backslash Fr DSDyv83VC1QtEnmJ4ATKFn5Sw3iC12VLmX To D9MsxSyJe5Mq7fWFRpC7zQQt1gexHccN4w Backslash To DJ3GL68kw8vh99RvxnEmQKE8A3cWRoEEqo Backslash Faucet Sample - Block.io To DE5QamzWVnxK2HmCS61cUsrn9iwgTArunU Block.io 

"OK, great, so now I have a list of my wallets. Now what?"

Now you're going to need the private keys for each of those wallets. Obviously you're not going to store these in a public place though. So you will need a separate file, which can just be plain text. Copy each of those addresses into it.
Now go ahead and fire up QT. If you haven't synced it in 3 years, its going to take forever, but that doesn't matter. You don't actually need the blockchain for this, so you don't have to wait for it to catch up.
Open up the console which is in the Help menu. Then give the command dumpprivkey with the wallet address you want the key to. Then use the up-arrow key to bring that command back, replace the address with the next one, and keep going until you have them all.
It will look something like this:
 13:05:18 Welcome to the Dogecoin RPC console. Use up and down arrows to navigate history, and Ctrl-L to clear screen. Type help for an overview of available commands. 13:11:06 dumpprivkey D9xDcRthB6XP4vRGqiyKdDfVJ7CWhYuBBi 13:11:06 6KEcssuq1wWUrFVmMF8yDxHuAdQMiRezz53zDxADLmyoXnix7iM 13:12:00 dumpprivkey DUDARNrGHVTFcCgriwRWgDQJPKDuDQr9jg 13:12:00 6JNk6NNFZcr49fbsD2jcTfTxFLjJKq9DHQ5JU8CYeZ2Cz6JdKMY 13:12:25 dumpprivkey DG6xnwCT6BXePaySqU85XocobZmhbJczQH 13:12:25 6JNXFv95Mp9SzehHw9jojjdxHRNPeh77qCsRbaNwJZMp9MKCAu3 
Yes, those are real wallets. But don't bother trying to steal my coins, I just generated them on https://walletgenerator.net/ and they're empty.
That's basically it. All you need to do is add some descriptions of what the wallets are, pretty up the format to your liking, and save copies in multiple, secure places, including printed out.

Remember, if you lose your keys, OR someone else sees them, you lose your coins!

If those were my real wallets above, you could use the keys and spend my coins. So obviously, don't let anyone else, especially annoying little brothers, get their grubby hands on them. But also make sure they can be discovered if anything happens to you. That's why the printed copies... nobody is going to go trolling through your porn or warez collection on the offchance there's something valuable in there. But they will look in your safe or wherever you store other important documents. Just be sure to leave a note as to what they are and how to use them. Remember the woman who came here a couple years ago who had found a USB stick with 110 BTC in a locked wallet.dat on it from her dead husband? I sometimes wonder if she ever got the money. Don't be her. Or him.

"OK, great. Now I have my keys. What now?"

Well, you can spend coins using https://coinb.in/#settings from any wallet you have the keys to. First step is to choose the network. Dogecoin (mainnet) obviously. Then go to Transaction in the +New menu. Enter your address and hit the Load button. It will pull in the first 100 transactions. Now enter the address to pay, and the amount.
Note the Transaction Fee box!
You want this amount to be zero. Depending on whether you're moving coins to another of your wallets to consolidate them (a very good idea.. go read the UTXO ELI5, which you will find a couple pages into https://www.reddit.com/dogecoin/comments/4yts6h/start_here_for_much_wallet_wow/ - Yes, I'm going to make you work for it, cos there's tons of useful stuff there you need to know), or paying someone else, you may want to select which inputs to use.
Once you're happy with the transaction, go ahead and submit it. You will now get a block of text, which is the raw, unsigned transaction. Copy this. Go to the Sign tab. Paste it. Add your private key and Submit to sign it.
After a little bit, you will get a signed transaction. Copy it. Go to the Broadcast tab, paste it and hit Submit.
That's it. It should go into the next block in a minute or two. Yes, even without paying a mining fee. Our network is so lightly loaded that there are no contention issues like the Bitcoin people have to put up with.

"That's it? So why do I need QT?"

You don't. The process above is all that's involved in spending coins. Everything else is window dressing. So there is no need to run QT, or any other client. Oh, and since you can download the site and run it locally (mostly offline), there is no security issue beyond the usual keyloggers/spyware that can compromise anything. And by knowing how to do this, you are much better protected from accidental loss than someone who blindly trusts black boxes they don't understand.
Oh, one final thing... if you really want to help the network by seeding rather than leeching, go ahead and run a full node. Instructions are in that link above. AND you may want to help seed the bootstrap file torrent from a couple of days ago. Just because YOU don't need it, doesn't mean others don't, right?
submitted by Fulvio55 to dogecoin [link] [comments]

I've been working on a bot for crypto subs like /r/bitcoin for a few days now. Say hello to crypto_bot!

Hey guys, I've been working on crypto_bot for some time now. It provides a bunch of features that I hope will enhance your experience on /bitcoin (and any other subreddit). You can call it by mentioning it in a comment. I started working on this a few days ago. I'm constantly adding new features and will update this post when I do, but if you're interested I'll post all updates and some tips at /crypto_bot. Please either comment here, message me, or post there if you'd like to report a bug, request a feature, or offer feedback. There's also one hidden command :)
You can call multiple commands in one comment. Here's a description of the commands you can use:

Market Data:

crypto_bot 
Responds with the USD price of one bitcoin from an average of six of the top bitcoin exchanges (BTC-E, Bitstamp, Bitfinex, Coinbase, Kraken, Cryptsy).
crypto_bot ticker 
Responds with the USD price of one bitcoin at seven exchanges (all of the ones listed above, plus LocalBitcoins). Also lists the average at the bottom.
crypto_bot [exchange] 
Responds with the USD price of one bitcoin from [exchange] (any of the seven listed above).
crypto_bot [litecoin|ltc|dogecoin|doge] 
Responds with the USD price of one litecoin, or the price of 1 doge and 1,000 doge.
crypto_bot litecoin|ltc [exchange] 
Responds with the USD price of one litecoin from BTC-E, Bitfinex, Kraken, or Cryptsy.
crypto_bot [currency] 
Responds with the price of one bitcoin in the specified currency. Available currencies (symbols): JPY, CNY, SGD, HKD, CAD, NZD, AUD, CLP, GBP, DKK, SEK, ISK, CHF, BRL, EUR, RUB, PLN, THB, KRW, TWD.

Information:

crypto_bot [about|info] [arg] 
Responds with a short description about [arg], as well as a link to an external site (Wikipedia, bitcoin.it, and some others) for more information. You can list multiple arguments and get a description for each. Available arguments: bitcoin, block chain, transaction, address, genesis, satoshi, mining, confirmation, coinbase, gox, cold wallet, hot wallet.
crypto_bot legal 
Responds with a chart about the legality of bitcoin in 40 countries, copied straight from Wikipedia.
crypto_bot [explain transaction delay|explain tx delay] 
Responds with an explanation of why transactions may take longer to confirm (the bot specifically discusses spam-transaction attacks in this command).

Network information/tools:

crypto_bot difficulty 
Responds with the current difficulty of the bitcoin network.
crypto_bot [height|number of blocks] 
Responds with the current height of the block chain.
crypto_bot retarget 
Responds with what block the difficulty will recalculate at, as well as how many blocks until the network reaches that block.
crypto_bot [unconfirmed transactions|unconfirmed tx] 
Responds with the current number of unconfirmed transactions.
crypto_bot [new address|generate address] 
Responds with a newly-generated public and private key. This is mainly to provide an explanation of what both look like, and contains a clear warning to not use or send bitcoins to the address.
crypto_bot blockinfo [height] 
Responds with information about block #[height], including its hash, time discovered, and number of transactions.
crypto_bot [address] 
Responds with information about [address], including its balance and number of transactions.
crypto_bot [transaction_id] 
Responds with information about [transaction_id], including what block it was included in, its size, and its inputs and outputs.

Calculators:

crypto_bot calc <# miningspeed> [#][w] [#][kwh] [#][difficulty] [hc$#] [$#] [#%] 
Responds with calculations and information about how a miner would do with the above data (mining calculator). The only required field is mining speed. Order of the arguments does not matter. Everything other than hashrate defaults to the following if not given: w (watts): 0, kwh ($kilowatt cost/hour): 0, difficulty: current network difficulty, hc$ (hardware cost): $0, $: current bitcoin price in usd (according to Coinbase), % (pool fee): 0. The calculator does not account for nor allow for input of the increase/decrease of difficulty over time, though I may add this feature soon. Working hashing speeds: h/s, kh/s, mh/s, gh/s, th/s, ph/s.
Example usage: "crypto_bot calc 30th/s 10w .12kwh hc$55 1.5%" (to make it easier to remember, th/s can also be inputted as ths). This calls the bot with a hashrate of 30 th/s, electricity usage of 10w, a cost of $.12 kWh, a hardware cost of $55, and a pool fee of 1.5%.
crypto_bot number of btc <$amount to convert> [bp$bitcoin price] 
Responds with the number of bitcoins you could buy with <$amount to convert>. If the comment specifies a [bp$bitcoin price], it calculates it with that exchange rate. Otherwise, it uses the rate from Coinbase.
Example usage: "crypto_bot $419.29 bp$180.32" This calculates how many bitcoins you can buy if you have $419.29 and the bitcoin exchange rate is $180.32.

Broadcasting

SignMessage! "" 
Signs a message in the bitcoin block chain in a transaction using OP_RETURN. The message must be less than 40 characters.
Example usage: "SignMessage! "Post messages in the block chain!""
I hope you find this bot useful! Again, if you have any questions or comments, please either comment on this post, message me, or post on /crypto_bot.
Update 1 (June 24, 2015, 17:35): The bot now responds with information if you post a link to a block, transaction, or address on Blockchain.info in a comment, even if you don't call it. For example, if I wrote "https://blockchain.info/block/0000000000000000126448be07fb1f82af19fbbf07dd7e07ebcd08d42c2660cb" in a comment, it would respond with information about block #362,377.
Update 2 (July 10, 2015, 1:59): The bot now has two additional commands: "unconfirmed transactions" (or "unconfirmed tx") and "explain transaction delay" (or "explain tx delay"). The first command responds with the number of unconfirmed transactions, and the second explains why transactions might take extra time to confirm.
Update 3 (August 24, 2015, 1:34): The bot now responds in a better way than before when transaction ids or addresses are posted. Before, it only responded when the transaction id or address was used in a link to Blockchain.info. Now the bot will respond whenever a transaction id or address is posted at all; a link to Blockchain.info is no longer necessary.
Update 4 (August 27, 2015, 3:00): The bot can now sign messages in the Bitcoin block chain using OP_RETURN.
submitted by busterroni to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

The State of Dogecoin

STATE OF DOGECOIN
Preface:
I have collected as much data as I could possibly find and contacted as many major players in the Dogecoin community as I could. I hope you all find this synthesis of information informative and worthy of discussion.
Anything that was announced in the few days before this was posted may not be included here, due to me working on this for the last 2 weeks!
I wish I could have included EVERYTHING, but there is just too much to add that fits in one reddit post.
I hope to do this again, maybe even as a quarterly report.
Please take all the information presented to you here and make your own conclusions about how important each piece of data is to YOUR view of Dogecoin.
Price
1 Doge = 0.00029 USD
Price would have to increase ~750% to be back at peak value.
COMPARED TO LITECOIN
1 LTC = 7.60 USD
Price would have to increase ~650% to be back at peak value.
Market Capitalization
7th of all digital currencies, ~$23 Million USD
Our market cap has been declining the last few months, most coin’s have. I am excited to know what our year-to-year price change will be as that is a better measure of change than the last 30 days.
For the past few days I have been trying to find a graph of the TOTAL market cap of all coins together over time.
I have a theory that not a lot of money is being put into cryptocurrencies at the moment, and the coins that go up in value are taking away value from others. What do you think?
I want to know if this is true, or if I am crazy. If that is somewhat true, there is a limit to how many coins will make it big.
I'd love to just see the total ALTCOIN market cap over time as well.
Hashrate/Halving
Hashrate = ~50GH/s
Oddly, this is about the same hashrate we had after the last halving! ASICs inbound…
I could not find what proportion of the SCRYPT hashrate we have over time, as that is the best measure of hashrate in relation to other coins.
I do have this though.
Litecoin’s hashrate is about 10 times larger than ours now.
The current block reward (recent halving) will create 90 Million Dogecoins/day or 38.7BTC at current prices.
This means that if ALL mined Dogecoins are sold every day they would only make up 3.8-7.5% off all transaction volume per day, which is around 500-1000BTC/day.
When the price stays the same, we can assume 250-500BTC of Dogecoins are bought or sold in that day. Therefore miners do not make up a large portion of the selling anymore, and they haven't for a while.
Another BIG assumption you have to make is that 38.7BTC cannot move markets. From my personally observations, the Cryptsy DOGE/BTC market controls the price of Dogecoin. I have watched the Chinese markets (BTC100, BTC38, BTER) respond to changes in price after they happen on Cryptsy. ~38BTC can have a HUGE impact on price if buy/sell walls are not there to support it.
We need more demand, but it is nice to have less pressure from miners anyways.
Liquidity is still much much higher with Litecoin though!
Transactions per Day
Dogecoin has more transactions per day Litecoin, and all other altcoins.
Sent from addresses
Dogecoin has more unique addresses sending coins per day than Litecoin, and all other altcoins.
Average Transaction Value
Average Litecoin transaction value for today was $9,380 USD.
Average Dogecoin transaction value for today was $122 USD.
Average Bitcoin transaction value for today was $3,250 USD.
http://bitinfocharts.com/comparison/transactionvalue-btc-ltc-doge.html Dogecoin is potentially being used exactly as intended. Lots of people sending small amounts of money to each other or things.
I am stunned that the AVERAGE person sending Litecoins that day, sent almost $10K.
That is 3x higher than Bitcoin. In fact, oddly, Litecoin always has a higher average transaction value than Bitcoin since the Bitcoin bubble in late 2013. Anybody know why?
We usually DO NOT have higher transaction volumes than Litecoin, but we do consistently have ~500-1000BTC/day that is transacted, putting Dogecoin in the top 5 most traded coins.
Dogecoin Address Growth
Dogecoin has also GAINED 14,653 positive addresses in the month of June, where Litecoin has LOST 33,875. (info from bitinfocharts and currency4world)
Wikipedia Statistics (http://stats.grok.se/)
Bitcoin traffic – Average ~9000 views in the last 90 days (highest 18614 views/day) – total views/90 days 819,193
Litecoin traffic – Average ~380 views in the last 90 days (highest 998 views/day) – total views/90 days 40,036
Dogecoin traffic – Average ~1200 views in the last 90 days (highest 8629 views/day) – total views/90 days 154,415
Circlejerking Statistics
Bitcoin recently surpassed 1 Yottahash, I believe we are up to almost 1 Yottajerk of circlejerking power. I am excited for a few years from now, when the QuantumJerk ASICs are released.
Every time I read someone calling /dogecoin a circlejerk I laugh, not because they are wrong, but because they are just stating the obvious.
Do you think there is someone in the corner of the room at NASA who just comments about how all they talk about is rockets and space?
If dreaming big and congratulating ourselves on our achievements is a circlejerk, then I guess it’s human to circlejerk. Every subreddit is a circlejerk, the only difference in /dogecoin is that you can get tips from circlejerking. (Is that prostitution?)
The main point of this section was to see how many times I could type circlejerk.
Foundation
The new Dogecoin Foundation is now a legal enitiy and will have a road map of working projects
Personally I would love to see someone from the Chinese Dogecoin community represented on the Foundation. They buy and sell a lot of Dogecoins Maybe just a liason position or something.
At the very least, during fundraisers, the Chinese community should be contacted to see if they want to help out!
Development
Dogecoin is the ONLY altcoin with over a $1 Million USD market cap with the Core/Wallet/qt based off of Bitcoin 0.9. Dogecoin Core will be kept up to date and features from the Bitcoin Core will be adopted quickly. The devs are doing great so far, especially against coins with full-time PAID developers!
CrytoSaga
Unprecedented cryptocurrency modeling software will be written to test possible outcomes to changes in Dogecoin’s algorithm. Main candidates are PoS 2.0, Tendermint, and SIMD. To my knowledge, this has never been created before in all of cryptocurrency, and will definitely further highlight the abilities of Dogecoin’s development team.
A payment protocol is also being worked on.
Cryptiv
Dogetipbot
Twitch tipping with dogetipbot will go live soon! You can sign up to be invited to the beta, here.
After Twitch tipping goes live, there will be a huge announcement
I have followed what mohland and dvorwak have said about it, here.
Coingecko
Price might not be so encouraging at the moment, but stay faithful. Keep up the good work. Encourage more people to join. The community is something special. I have strong faith that it will be heading to the moon!
Coinplay.io
http://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/news/kansas-city-startup-incubator-partners-dogecoin-based-coinplay-io/2014/07/09
Suchlist
SnapCard
Buy ANYTHING in Dogecoins that is for sale online. Available in over 50 countries. Only BTC, LTC, DOGE, and XRP are supported.
WeSellDoges
Onarbor
The biggest new Onarbor feature announcement is ability to back and re-back works and reviews. This was the top request so we're glad to finally implement it. Coming soon will be more tailored feeds where we will allow people to follow creators that interest them (will allow TwitteFB/linkedin auth to find friends/colleagues).
What can Dogecoin do better?
Marketing
For a coin that has done some of the best marketing out there, we suck at getting major announcements across on multiple platforms.
I am hoping /dogecoin_pr will bring this up to par.
EXAMPLE:
51.54% of Dogecoin users are on Dogecoin Core 1.6.( http://bitinfocharts.com/dogecoin/)
Maybe merchants and such are not to keen on updating if it is not required, but maybe they just do not know about 1.7.
When 1.8 comes out, I would love to see a sticky thread on the subreddit, an announcement on the official Dogecoin Twitter and Facebook pages, an announcement on the front of the BitcoinTalk forum, as well as contacting cryptonews websites.
Dogecoin has a large social media presence and should be taking advantage of THAT!
Dogecoin.com
I know you powerlemons is working on updating this, but the website is COMPLETELY MISSING a section on how to accept Dogecoin. This should be just as big as the other coloured sections!
ALSO
This should be added to the “Get Dogecoin” section at the bottom of the page.
I have tried to keep it updated as much as possible, but would love the community to notify me of any changes
COMMENTS
Josh Wise
“I have said this to a few people in the community but my two cents on this is to keep it fun, charitable, and stick to the fundamentals that made the community grow so much initially. My personal opinion (and I really have no clue what I am talking about) is that this community grew so fast because it was so much fun, anything seemed possible, everything seemed worth trying and there were not many negative undertones with anything. It seems like people are really getting wrapped up in a lot of negatives right now and that is never productive. The law of attraction will rule in the end and as long as people are positive- no matter the circumstance- the circumstance will become positive. I love this place and wish only the best for dogecoin and the community, and like I said, I have no clue as to all of the intricacies and the many moving parts past and present. Only my two cents on what I see (:
As far as upcoming projects- I am still working on some new shirts by popular demand. I would really love to either race the Dogecoin car in a few Superspeedway races next year, or try to raise money so that we can run the rear bumper all season. I am super thankful for all that has come of this and want to continue to help build the brand and awareness in any ways possible. A lot of that is really up to the community though and not me.”
Co-founder (BillyM2K aka Shibetoshi Nakamoto)
“A community that is having fun, building cool things, and coming together for great causes and fun causes alike is exceptionally more valuable than one that is trying desperately to create value by finger pointing, complaining, witch hunting, attempting to market useless features, and ultimately eating itself.”
submitted by thistime1 to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Why The Cryptsy USD Market Will Be Huge For Dogecoin

This may seem like small news, but it's actually a lot more significant than people think. I'm actually really hyped for it, even though I probably won't be using it myself.
If we want merchants to accept Dogecoin, they need an easy and trusted way to instantly convert to USD. This is currently needed to pay expenses, employees, shareholders, etc. With Bitcoin, the 2 primary payment processors Bitpay and Coinbase accomplish this. While we have moolah.io and okcoin, they aren't really reputable enough to be trusted by a massive company like Newegg.
If we want Dogecoin to be accepted, we need it to be picked up by Coinbase or Bitpay. Most companies that accept Bitcoin use these, and I'm sure they would be willing to accept Dogecoin since it would mean little changes if any to their infrastructure. Both say that they can't deal with altcoins due to there not being enough liquidity/reliable USD exchanges. Bitstamp is very anti-altcoins so we have no hope with them. With Cryptsy, there may be a way for them to begin dealing with Doge.
Note that this won't see any instant results. Bitpay/Coinbase won't want to deal with Cryptsy until they see that they properly run their exchange for several months without issues. Reliability is important. But this marks the start.
At the moment, Cryptsy is one of the largest Cryptocurrency exchanges based on the amount of altcoins, and volume. This will be the largest USD market for Doge.
I see bright futures for Doge. Be sure to support merchants already dealing with Doge! It's good to keep the market going. Also, I recommend /dogemarket as well- its a great place to buy and sell stuff for Doge from other people.
submitted by skilliard4 to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Shibe Philosophy, Volume 1: Sea of Ðoge

"To act wisely when the time for action comes, to wait patiently when it is time for repose, put man in accord with the tides. Ignorance of this law results in periods of unreasoning enthusiasm on the one hand, and depression on the other." - Helena Petrovna Blavatsky
 . 
How many tractors is it worth?
A topic that gets discussed a lot is the Doge/BTC conversion rate. Whenever there's a move you can't get through a page without at least a few posts about how we've beaten xxx satoshi and all debt everywhere is about to disappear! Or we've dropped a few satoshi and it clearly needs to be interpreted as the arrival of the fourth horseman of the apocalypse.
So let's have a look at what it actually means. That measure of value is how many hundred millionths of one bitcoin that one doge is worth. Ok... so what does the movement of that number mean for dogecoin?
Not much... sorry.
It doesn't necessarily mean dogecoin has gone up or down in value, it could just mean that bitcoin has risen or dropped and dogecoin is worth a little more or less bitcoin. It could mean that people are trying to manipulate the price by buying or selling huge amounts to incite panic. Valuing dogecoin based on a different cryptocurrency that has its own fluctuations, its own successes and failures, is a bad way to view success for doge. Also, knowing how many bitcoin we can buy with it is useless because, if you have dogecoin why would anyone want to buy bitcoin with it??
Take the current rate for example, at the time of writing this dogecoin is sitting around 280-290 satoshi, the highest rate it has achieved steadily. The last time it was near that high in late Jan though, bitcoin was worth about $200 more per coin, therefore 230 satoshi at that time meant doge was about the same value in USD that it is now at 280.
So am I suggesting that we measure it against USD instead? No. USD also rises and falls constantly, as does every currency, as does the value of every thing that can be purchased. What I'm saying is that this is not a thing worth obsessing over. If you looked at charts of USD against other currencies and saw it going down for a few days, would you suddenly panic, take all of your money out of the bank and exchange it for Indian Rupees because someone on the internet told you that the whole US economy is about to disappear? Dogecoin's value is reliant on what you believe it to be. People have faith in fiat currency, so it has a value. You don't need to look at how many bitcoin your doges can buy, all you need to do is believe in the Ð.
 . 
Waves and Meditation
Any time you're worried about the price of doge, do yourself a favour and look at the doge/BTC chart on cryptsy, click on the 1M button above it to see the last month, then in another tab play this.
Then you will see, all the movements are just waves. Sometimes big, small, high or low, but don't let them stress you. They're natural, perfectly normal. There will always be peaks, and always be drops, that's the way it will always be. You can't fight the waves, so why spend all your time focussing on them and stressing about them?
Remember shibes, the tides are caused by the moon. As we get closer to moon, tides rise, with the moon pulling its beloved dogecoins and shibes closer to where they belong. The moon is further away on some days than others, but please don't ever let that make us lose sight of our destination.
 . 
But JakeTheDoge, I had the charts surgically implanted into my retinas so I could watch them 24 hours a day! What will I do now?!
Well, oddly technological shibe, why don't you try spending a little less time obsessing over meaningless temporary changes and instead spend it looking into what new developments are being made in dogecoin! Or finding new things for us to support and telling the dogecoin foundation about them, or thinking of your own way that you can help spread the love to new shibes! That is what dogecoin truly needs from its shibes, and every little bit you can do to help makes you a part of the revolution of internet currency. So tell your friends, petition your favourite websites, put stickers on anything that won't get you arrested, anything!
Do you want to tell your children that you once had thousands or millions of doge but you panic sold them when they were worth a fraction of a cent and that's why dinner will be spam again tonight? Or will you take them shopping for whatever they want, tapping your wrist against the register with your digital doge wallet implanted under your skin (probably... apparently people already have screens on their retinas, subcutaneous doge wallets can't be far off) while telling them for the 400th time that you were there, right at the beginning you were there, and you helped make a revolution.
 . 
Tl;dr Worried about doge/satoshi rates? Stop looking at charts, go lay on a beach and listen to the waves, then your moon ride is gonna be silky smooth. Just relax man, the Ðoge abides.
1 doge = 1 doge = love
Love, JakeTheDoge – moonship technician
 . 
P.S. As I mentioned here I am doing this not for profit. So if anyone is interested and tips in my bloge posts, half of that will go to the dogecoin foundation and the other half will be used for giveaway threads, most likely done once a week if it goes well. Thanks shibes!
submitted by JakeTheDoge to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Coin-a-'Week': Peercoin (PPC)

Coin-a-Day Jan 3rd
Well, it's been more than a month since my last post, so I figured it's time to finally do this. I'm barely updating these, but I think it's somewhat interesting to see the changes that have happened over the almost half a year since I first wrote these.
Welcome to the third Coin-a-DayCoin-a-Week post! So far in this series we have talked about bitcoinbitcoin and dogecoindogecoin, which are proof-of-work coins. Today's coin is Peercoin (PPC), which is a "proof-of-stake" coin (actually a hybrid; more below).
Summary
• ~22 million available currently [1]; ~35 million in 2025, ~50 million in 2045, 1% annual inflation permanently [2]
• All-time high: ~$7 [3]
• Current price: ~$0.50; ~0.0017 BTC$0.30; 0.00128 BTC [1]
• Current market cap: ~$10.9 million $6.6 million [1]
• Block rate (average): 10 minutes [4]
• Transaction rate: 520 408 transactions in the last 24 hours, estimated ~$213,000 $83,600 [5]
• Transaction limit (currently): 7 transactions / second (?) [6]
• Transaction cost: Fixed at 0.01 PPC edit: per Kb [2]
• Rich list: Top 100 addresses hold 59.25% 59.52% [5]
• Exchanges: BTC-E mostly; BTC38 (Chinese); some volume on Cryptsy, The Rock Trading, and BTER as well [7]
• Processing method: Hybrid; proof-of-work and proof-of-stake
• Distribution method: proof-of-work block rewards and 1% inflation through proof-of-stake
• Community: Moderately active. [8]
• Code / development: https://github.com/ppcoin/ppcoin ; appears inactive, last release in April, last commit five months ago; however, developer Sunny King continues to give weekly updates and has announced an upcoming "cold-minting" feature [14] EDIT: Active pull request in progress. pull request; announcement; I was informed about this from the comment below; thanks Thireus !
Latest 0.5 version will be a mandatory upgrade with a two month release window. [15]
• Innovation or special value: First coin with proof-of-stake
Description:
So far we have covered two proof-of-work coins. This was the original type of coin. Peercoin introduced the concept of "proof-of-stake", where authority to generate a block was determined based on a brute-force hashing to reach a value less than a certain amount. In Peercoin's proof-of-staking, there is only one to check per unspent wallet-output per second, so there is very little demand for processing power and energy. The difficulty is decreased with increased coindays [9].
This model is argued by Peercoin supporters to be more efficient, since it obviates the need for a hardware arms-race and allows transaction processing by all stakeholders. The incentive for the stakeholders to "stake" (process transactions through proof-of-stake) is two-fold: first, in order to collect their 1% per coin-year reward, and second, to support the network they hold coins in, since the value of the coin is presumed to be related to the stability and reliability of its network.
There are a number of attacks which are argued to be possible in proof-of-stake which are not possible in proof-of-work [10]. There was a vulnerability which allowed generating a larger number of proof-of-stake blocks with a very small stake which took four months to close after public disclosure [11]. I wish I could provide a definitive answer about the security or vulnerability of this coin, but I am simply unaware of a good source at this point [12]. I have not found a "smoking gun" critique of the current system, but absence of proof, particularly when my "research" (googling) is so limited, and my exposure is so brief, is absolutely not to be taken for proof of absence. Today's challenge will focus on the security of Peercoin, and there will be a small reward for the best defense and the best critique.
Compared to the question of "is it secure?", I think the rest of the nuances like price history are relatively insignificant. In general, I expect that secure coins will continue to be transacted at some price level, and that they will often share a certain level of correlated price. Remember that I am not giving advice, but that's my take on it. So if there is no vulnerability to proof-of-stake, I expect it will continue to exist. And just as bitcoin has a strong place from being the first and having an active community, I expect that Peercoin would continue to have a place as the first proof-of-stake along with its smaller but also active community.
I had my concerns about the security resolved when this was posted. Like a whiny chump I'd gone through and deleted all of my stuff in a fit of pique, but the useful comments by TotalB00n are still there and may be useful reading.
The inactive development may not be an issue for now if there are no serious threats to Peercoin. Additionally, its blockchain is quite small, about 1/3rd of a Gigabyte currently[13], so the major feature of bitcoin's latest release, parallel block downloads, may be less relevant for peercoin.
[Note that the edit above on the code section is from the original time around. I'm too lazy to even look up whether or not there has been further development since, but it was at least somewhat active before, and perhaps didn't really need much.]
Community
Peercoin's community on Reddit (/peercoin) is relatively small, with less than 4k subscribers and no more than a couple posts a day. However, it appears on-topic and high-quality.
http://www.peercointalk.org/ looks active and significant. It is not comparable in size to a central hub like bitcointalk, but it is by no means dead.
There are additional community links on peercoin.net which I haven't explored.
Footnotes
[1] http://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/peercoin/
[2] https://github.com/ppcoin/ppcoin/wiki/FAQ
[3] http://www.cryptocoincharts.info/paippc/usd/btc-e/alltime I couldn't find anything just stating the number. And the UI here is terrible. But this approximately matches the coinmarketcap ATH in BTC with the BTC/USD at the time.
[4] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peercoin#Confirmations ; I wasn't sure if this accounted for PoS accurately as well, but given the last few hours shown at https://bkchain.org/ppc it does appear to be close ; don't ask me how it works, haven't taken the time to grok the whitepaper in detail yet ([9])
[5] https://bitinfocharts.com/ppcoin/
[6] I wasn't able to find a source addressing this. I'm presuming that since it's based on bitcoin and has 10 minute blocks, that it also shares the 1 Mb blocksize limit and that transactions are about the same size and thus the same 7 transactions / second current limit applies. I could absolutely be wrong about this; if you know better, please let me know and I will update. Given that this allows 604,800 transactions per day, and there weren't 0.1% as many transactions in the last 24 hours, I think it's safe to say this isn't a limiting factor for peercoin in the foreseeable future.
[7] http://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/peercoin/#markets
[8] Not as active as doge or bitcoin, but it looks like there's activity on http://www.peercointalk.org/, and /peercoin is quiet but not dead.
[9] http://www.peercoin.net/assets/papepeercoin-paper.pdf ; also available in many other languages (http://peercoin.net/whitepaper)
[10] http://www.reddit.com/CryptoCurrency/comments/2r6sqb/section_of_paycoins_source_code_designating_a/cnd096x 110101002 makes allegations along these lines. However, none of the critiques seem to be relevant and aware of the current Peercoin code. The claim is made that it was made centralized but I'm not aware of a Peercoin source that seems to make this claim. There are probably far better critiques and defenses of the security of Peercoin's proof-of-stake out there. I don't know how to best find them. This will be the topic for the challenges for this article.
[11] disclosure; acknowledgement; fix
[12] I have heard claims about "nothing-at-stake" attacks, which are based on the idea that a user might have stake in the system, then get the stake back, sell it, and then try to make their own chain building off the point where they had stake. This seems conceivable to me, but I do not know anywhere near enough to be able to make a reasonable argument one way or another. Unfortunately, most of the discussions on Proof-of-Stake seem more about ... well, there's no way to phrase it politely, but they don't seem to be reasoned consideration of the merits but just static.
http://www.peercointalk.org/index.php?topic=2351.0 - This is an example of a critique which is shot down. Is it valid? You decide. From reading their view of it, it sounds like not.
[13] http://www.reddit.com/peercoin
[14] I found this relatively late in my process glancing over /peercoin. http://www.peercointalk.org/index.php?topic=3733 The details of this feature will be considered out-of-scope for this article, already taking longer than I anticipated (as usual).
[15] https://www.peercointalk.org/index.php?topic=4107.0
Additional Reading
http://www.peercoin.net - main site; informative and useful links
/peercoin - somewhat quiet but still active and informative
https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=793142.msg8933791#msg8933791 - Peercoin discussion thread
Peercoin whitepaper - (other languages available)
• peercointalk.org - Main discussion forum
Daily challenge
~~Every day I post a challenge worth about $1. The first two day's are still unattempted. Yesterday's has been awarded.
Today's challenge focuses on Peercoin security. A changetip $0.50 tip will be awarded to the comment which in my opinion provides the best information about vulnerabilities in Peercoin's current consensus algorithm / implementation. This may be a link to a source that provides this information or a comment, but a comment referencing fixed problems or simply asserting issues without support will not be accepted as qualifying.
On the other side will be a 1 PPC reward sent to the Peercoin address of your choice for the best argument supported with evidence that Peercoin's consensus algorithm is not vulnerable to any attack. This is a very broad claim, and I wouldn't know how to support it myself, but that's why I'm throwing it out there for discussion.
Making an argument for both sides is allowed and encouraged.~~
[I don't remember if I ever paid up on this. I think I might owe TotalB00n a couple PPC...]
Donations and Disclosure
It has come time again for me to note that I am not an authority nor should my words be used for anything other than entertainment. I am not providing investment advice and you should do your own research independently before you make any investment decisions. Cryptocurrencies may lose all value from technical flaws or simply a loss of faith in their value. Store your treasures in heaven, not on earth nor even in a blockchain. Be gentle and loving in deed and in thought.
I currently hold about 17 PPC.
If you would like to donate PPC to me directly, you may do so at: PDcpAFGWEAJDTey6ghY4FRvvphXv9zkjmn
Thank you all for reading and all of your support! This has already been a great experience for me and I'm looking forward to the excitement still to come.
Well, it doesn't get much lazier than that. Apparently PPC has dropped in price rather significantly since January. I don't know any of the news on it. Informative, eh?
...okay, I'll do a mild amount of "research". One moment.
Well, they have a new release coming out. [15] But I don't see anything obvious from a quick glance at top stories in that subreddit over the past year to see why it crashed over the last five months.
So...hey, let's go really lazy. Rather than me giving you the answers, why don't you tell me wtf happened here? xD
Up next: Nyancoin!
submitted by coinaday to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

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โอน Dogecoin เข้าบัญชี Cryptsy

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